Antibiotics are commonly used in beekeeping to prevent bacterial infections, but these drugs also come with side-effects that are not fully understood in many species. This group aims to study the effects of antibiotic treatment on the composition of gut bacteria in honeybees and effects on the bees’ overall health. Antibiotics are commonly used to
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Researchers from Stanford University analyzed health insurance claims from 2001 to 2013 to investigate a relationship between concurrent benzodiazepine and opioid use and opioid overdose. A significant increase in the incidence of current use and the risk of overdose was found in patients taking both types of medications. Opioid abuse continues to be a growing
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A clinical study of adult patients with an asthma diagnosis suggests that follow-up reassessment may be warranted. A recent study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association investigated whether asthma can be ruled out and medications can safely be stopped in some adult patients.According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI),
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Nearly 100 female infants and babies living in harsh conditions for more than six months in Romanian orphanages, before British parents adopted them, demonstrated more childhood disorders during their early years and young adulthood when compared with their counterparts. European doctors of medicine and the sciences wanted to learn what effects early-life experiences would have
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A meta-analysis of pooled individual data from cohorts of cases and controls found that participants with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from 23 sites in North and South America, Europe and China had smaller amygdala, accumbens, and hippocampus volumes compared to healthy controls. Previously, meta-analyses of clinical data revealed reduced volumes of basal ganglia, caudate,
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Several neuro-developmental conditions in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are influenced by several lifestyle patterns. A systemic review identified that changes in lifestyle patterns, such as increased level of physical activity and reduced sedentary behavior, had a significant impact on children associated with ASD. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to one of the prolonged neurological disorders
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Whole-genome sequencing of individuals with autism spectrum disorder and their families reveal 18 new candidate genes that have the potential to be future diagnostic and therapeutic targets. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder which affects approximately one percent of the global population. ASD encompasses disorders such as autism, Asperger’s syndrome, and other developmental
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Nonadherence to ADHD medication in adolescents, especially during their transition to college, can have significant repercussions on academic performance and long-term goals. In a recent study, published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, 10 freshmen with ADHD were interviewed regarding their medication self-management experience as they transitioned to college life. Nonadherence to medical treatment is
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In a 2017 study, researchers investigated the use of antivirals in children hospitalized for influenza. Rates of prescription of anti-influenza medication in children were found to be below recommended levels and varied significantly between hospitals. The recommended treatment for children hospitalized due to infection with influenza viruses, especially children with conditions which may increase the
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A consultation paper proposing a risk-based approach to regulation of “self-care” products represents significant change in how cosmetics, natural health products and non-prescription drugs are regulated in Canada. Health Canada is responsible for regulation of both prescription and non-prescription (or “self-care”) products sold in Canada. Self-care products cover three categories of goods: Cosmetics, which includes
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A recent study published in the Journal of American Medical Association Pediatrics observed a clinically significant association between exposure to mouse allergens and an increase in asthma symptoms as well as diminished lung function. Asthma is a pervasive health concern in the United States, however, asthma tends to disproportionately affect low-income groups and minorities residing
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Researchers clarify the factor underlying the risk for childhood obesity. Childhood obesity has become a public health crisis around the world. And with the rapid rise of childhood obesity, international organizations have conducted research on the factors underlying its risk. Past studies have linked childhood obesity to antibiotic use in infancy. However, these studies did
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In a recent study published in The Lancet, researchers examine the long-term effectiveness of the Preschool Autism Communication Trial (PACT). They determined that there are long-term benefits of early communication interventions for children with autism. Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by challenges in communication, social and behavioural difficulties, and repeating behaviours. The
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Large scale nuclear disasters, such as in Fukushima and Chernobyl, have raised public concern over nuclear power and radiation exposure through medical procedures. However, most people are unaware that many household items and foods emit potentially dangerous radiation. Public concern over radiation exposure has been heightened due to nuclear reactor accidents such as those seen
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A comprehensive review of scientific literature suggests a possible link between early introduction of allergenic foods and reduced likelihood of some allergies, although the evidence is not conclusive. Both popular and scientific literature have discussed the relationship between early introduction of certain foods to infant diets and the subsequent development of allergies or autoimmune problems.
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