Researchers conducted a meta-analysis to determine if switching individuals with type 2 diabetes to liquid-only diets would impact their cardiometabolic risk.   Cardiometabolic risk is a condition in which individuals have low blood levels of high-density cholesterol (good cholesterol), as well as high levels of triglycerides. Individuals with cardiometabolic risk typically express insulin resistance and
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Cycling is great for environmental and physical health. But how safe are bicycle lanes for cyclists? Researchers recently assessed the passing distances between vehicles and cyclists in Australia to determine any needs for improvement.   In metropolitan cities, cycling seems like the most logical method of transportation for the regular working Joe. Cyclists not only
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A recent study suggests that older people who regularly use sleeping pills may end up needing more blood pressure medications to control their blood pressure.   High blood pressure is a common condition among older aged people. Fortunately, blood pressure medications can reduce blood pressure and therefore reduce the cardiovascular risks associated with the condition.
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A new study compared the safety and effectiveness of early combined immunosuppression and conventional treatment in older patients with Crohn’s disease.   Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are the two main subtypes of inflammatory bowel disease, a chronic inflammatory condition involving the gut. Inflammatory bowel disease was long believed to be a disease of the
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Researchers in the United States have potentially developed a fibromyalgia blood test to accurately diagnose the disease.   An estimated 4 million adults in the United States have fibromyalgia, with women four-to-nine times more likely than men to be diagnosed. Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes widespread pain throughout the body. People with fibromyalgia
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A new study evaluated colchicine, a drug used for gout treatment, to improve a complication of diabetes called metabolic syndrome. Approximately one-third of adults in the United States have metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a combination of conditions such as increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, increased body fat, and increased cholesterol and triglyceride levels
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A study of American adults evaluated the link between nutrient intake from dietary supplements and mortality.   In 2015, the market revenue of vitamin supplements was estimated to be worth more than US$50 billion. By 2024, the global dietary supplements market is expected to reach US$278 billion. Dietary supplements are commonly taken to compensate for a
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A new study in the Journal of Experimental Medicine investigated the molecular factors behind the gender disparity in liver cancer development.   According to a 2108 study based on data from the International Agency for Research on Cancer, liver cancer is the fourth most lethal form of cancer worldwide. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common
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Many individuals are apprehensive in using cochlear implants in kids. Researchers from the Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago cleared the air on this issue.   Cochlear implants are implantable hearing devices. Patients have to undergo complex surgical procedure requiring anesthesia as well as a long follow-up to help restore hearing loss.
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A recent study, published in Diabetes care, investigated a potential link between type 2 diabetes treatment and the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia.   Type 2 diabetes, a medical condition characterized by the body’s inability to manage appropriate blood sugar levels, has been associated with worsened cognitive functions. Specifically, compared to healthy individuals type
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A review investigated whether carbohydrate intake leads to a sugar crash instead of a sugar rush and its associated effect on mood.   There has been a concerning increase in the intake of carbohydrates and sugar-rich foods and beverages worldwide over the past few decades. Sugar-sweetened and energy drinks are marketed as products that help
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A recent study investigated the safety and efficacy of transplanting organs from hepatitis C positive patients into hepatitis C negative transplant patients with antiviral therapy. Each year, hundreds of patients waiting for a heart transplant end up dying or become too sick to undergo transplantation. Those that do eventually receive a heart often have to
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Researchers in the United States simulated a pandemic to determine optimal strategies for distributing vaccines. Their results can help inform public health initiatives and supply chain protocols during flu season. Every year, influenza causes thousands of deaths in the United States alone. Vaccines can prevent the spread of the flu virus, provided they are efficiently
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A new study determined how changes in the gut microbiome influence heart health and identified potential links between gut health and arterial dysfunction due to ageing. Ageing is associated with a number of health challenges. Of many disorders that ageing presents, cardiovascular disease carries the greatest burden for the elderly population, their family members, and
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Исследование, представленное на совместных научных сессиях по гипертонии в 2018 году (англ. Joint Hypertension 2018 Scientific Sessions), проводилось для изучения того, как изменение образа жизни может снизить артериальное давление без приема медикаментов. Гипертония – это заболевание, известное как высокое артериальное давление. Это заболевание широко распространено, и почти у каждого второго жителя США показатели артериального давления
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Researchers analyzed evidence from previous studies to determine the most effective approaches for treating urinary incontinence in women.   Urinary incontinence is the involuntary loss of bladder control causing urine leakage. There are two main types: stress incontinence and urgency incontinence. Stress incontinence occurs after coughing, sneezing or physical exertion, and urgency incontinence occurs when
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Age-related macular degeneration has been associated with an increase and decrease of dietary and supplementary calcium intake. This study aimed to clarify these mixed results. Age-related macular degeneration is one of the leading causes of irreversible blindness in developed countries. It is usually associated with an increase in age. The retina is located at the
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Researchers recently analyzed the effects of an unhealthy diet on persistent health problems, such as high blood pressure.   In 2017, 11 million deaths were caused by factors related to eating an unhealthy diet. Unhealthy diets are a gateway to many common diseases such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease. Researchers
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