A new study published in the journal Cancer describes links between treatment-induced DNA damage and its effects on biological aging and cognitive decline. Many currently used radiotherapies and chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of cancer can induce severe DNA damage in the cells in the patient’s body. These molecular changes are known to hasten the
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Researchers at the University of Alberta have identified a drug that could target one of the major proteins responsible for ALS. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a debilitating disease marked by gradual neuromuscular degeneration. Previous studies have implicated several genes in the onset of the disease. One protein, called SOD1, has a propensity to misfold
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New research from Case Western Reserve University in the United States makes strides in understanding why HIV-infected patients often suffer from higher cancer rates. Controlling HIV infection with antiretroviral therapy has considerably reduced the risk of AIDS-defining cancers such as Kaposi’s sarcoma and certain B-cell lymphomas. However, cancer remains a leading cause of death in
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A new study in European Urology has described the results of a 20-year study describing how the presence of IBD in men influences prostate cancer risk.   Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) includes a group of chronic conditions that lead to prolonged inflammation within organs of the digestive tract. IBD is a disorder that primarily occurs
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Researchers at Virginia Tech are testing a new drug for chronic pain treatment that may avoid the addictive effects of opioids. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin are commonly used for mild and moderate generalized pain but may have limited effectiveness in alleviating chronic nerve pain. NSAIDs inhibit the activity of cyclooxygenase enzymes responsible
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A recent study published in Research in Sports Medicine examined the benefits of compression stockings for female soccer players. Soccer-induced muscle injury and fatigue are possible and unfortunate aspects of the sport. Previous studies have revealed various benefits of compression stockings when worn by male soccer players. These benefits included a reduction in muscle stress
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A recent study examined how strongly anxiety and depression predict physical illnesses, compared to obesity and smoking. Preventative efforts in primary care often focus on physical risk factors such as obesity and smoking. While significant evidence exists linking mental health issues, such as depression and anxiety, to poorer health outcomes, these are not the focus
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In a recent animal study, researchers showed how exercise may be able to help individuals cope with cocaine dependency and drug addiction. Perhaps the hardest step in drug addiction recovery is the maintenance of sobriety after recovery. However, creating and maintaining an environment conducive to recovery is not always easy, as certain triggers like drug
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Physical activity is vital for health maintenance and heart disease prevention. Researchers studied how endurance and strength exercises differ in preventing heart disease. Physical activity is a staple of healthy living. We use it to feel energized, youthful, and attain physique goals. Typically, we break down exercise in two ways: cardio and strength training. Both
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A recent study determined how parents’ brain activities interact with their children’s while playing with each other. Humans are social beings. We spend most of our time interacting with one another. We learn through social interactions. Several studies have shown how an individual’s brain activity works in learning and attention. However, studies involving the interaction
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Recent research published in the American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism investigated the effect of weight loss followed by exercise on colorectal cancer risk. The occurrence of colorectal cancer is increasing within the young adult population in the United States, and it is currently one of the most common cancers in the world. Research conducted
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A study compared the effectiveness of surgery and postoperative radiation therapy compared to surgery alone in treating aggressive prostate cancer. Treatment for prostate cancer varies depending on the progression of the disease, which can be graded by assessing biopsied tissue using the Gleason score.  Tumours of patients with Gleason scores of 9 to 10 are
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Multiple head hits in contact sports are a major worry. Researchers studied vision to possibly detect hidden brain damage in high school football players.   Public concern continues to grow over recurring head impacts in youth contact sports. These head hits without concussions may cause long-term brain damage. In a single season, the average youth
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Researchers in Michigan have developed a novel nitric oxide sensing device, providing new insight into the causes of diabetic foot ulcers and possible avenues for treatment. Approximately 9 to 26 million diabetic patients around the world develop foot ulcers every year. These ulcers can double the risk of death for diabetic patients and may take up to 120
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Researchers at the Salk Institute in San Diego, USA, investigated the mechanism of continuous response to long exposure to artificial light in the eye. Every day we are exposed to artificial light from indoor lighting and screens on phones, computers, TVs, etc. Screen time is increasing with advancing technology, and many people spend time on
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A US-based research group explores the credibility of the commonly held belief that drinking more water can lessen urinary tract infection risk in females with recurrent infections. Urinary tract infection (also known as UTI, cystitis) is a common occurrence in many people across the world, particularly amongst women. Infection of this region often presents with
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Hot flashes during menopause are usually more severe in breast cancer survivors than in the general female population. Hormone-replacement therapy is a traditional treatment for hot flashes, but many women cannot tolerate these drugs. A recent study explored the use of oxybutynin for reducing hot flashes. Hot flashes are a common symptom of menopause. Menopause
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New research reveals that a high-salt diet is likely linked to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular deaths in Shandong Province, China. A high-salt diet contributes to elevated blood pressure and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases (CVDs). High blood pressure contributes to heart disease and deaths associated with heart disease. Obesity, alcohol, a stationary lifestyle, and not consuming enough
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A new study examined whether memory recall is organized by time, correlating otherwise unrelated events. Memory, specifically episodic and semantic memory, is best understood as a working network of connections. Memory is understood to be interlinked in a web-like network, where certain memories form associations with other memories. Scientists have long been developing theories for
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