As antibiotic resistance is becoming more prominent, a recent study investigated the prevalence of inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions in the US. Antibiotics are used to kill bacteria. However, some commonly used antibiotics can cause some bacteria to become resistant, making it harder to treat their associated illnesses.  These resistant bacteria can survive and increase in number,
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A recent study in PNAS investigated whether inorganic nitrates can prevent steatosis of liver using cell and animal models.   Increasing age and unhealthy dietary habits are risk factors for obesity and type 2 diabetes, both of which contribute to the development and progression of cardiovascular disease. Additionally, obesity and type 2 diabetes can also
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A recent study investigated a new signaling molecule, interleukin-6, that may play a crucial role in regulating exercise-associated loss in belly fat. Obesity, defined as an excess of body fat, can increase the risk of several medical complications, including diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Moreover, excessive belly fat can worsen health outcomes, result in low self-esteem,
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A new screening method that uses a sponge-on-a-string device could help save lives by detecting Barrett’s esophagus, a precursor to esophageal cancer. Esophageal cancer has a poor survival rate. It is the eighth most common cancer and sixth most common cancer-related cause of death. The only known precursor to esophageal cancer is Barrett’s esophagus (BE),
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New research published in Neurology investigates the potential benefits of exercise on thinking skills and cognitive function in adults. Regular exercise is an important component of living a healthy lifestyle for many reasons. It is extremely beneficial to physical health because it helps maintain optimal body mass and composition, respiratory function, and much more. It
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A recent study investigated whether adopting seven recommendations by the American Heart Association can improve heart health and reduce the risk of developing diabetes. The American Heart Association (AHA) recently identified a list of seven health factors or behaviours that, if adopted, can successfully maintain heart health and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and
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According to a recent study published in the British Journal of Medicine, eSports players should receive the same medical care as traditional sports athletes. Competitive electronic gaming, also known as eSports, has become a global phenomenon. In 2019, an estimated 427 million people globally will watch eSports, and this number is expected to increase to
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An Australian study published in Heart Rhythm examines whether even moderate alcohol consumption can make preexisting atrial fibrillation more severe. Atrial fibrillation is one of many cardiovascular disorders that can be fatal if left untreated. In patients with atrial fibrillation, unusual electrical signals in the upper compartments of the heart, called atria, lead to fast
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In a study published in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, researchers discovered that Tetris can help relieve PTSD flashbacks. People who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often undergo flashbacks,  which are involuntary recurring visual memories of the frightful and upsetting experience. Researchers from the Karolinska Institute in Sweden uncovered that Tetris, a
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Australian scientists have made a breakthrough in ultrasound technology that could greatly improve the performance of ultrasound imaging.   Ultrasound is a non-invasive technique used to capture internal images of the body such as blood vessels, muscles, organs, and soft tissues. It helps doctors and health professionals diagnose patients’ abnormalities or signs of disease. Unlike
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In a recent study, researchers examined whether vitamin D supplementation may be the key to reducing COPD exacerbations or attacks.   Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects as many as 170 million people worldwide. A COPD attack may occur from a viral infection, which exacerbates lung function. Vitamin D is believed to be beneficial to
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In a recent study, researchers analyzed possible sources of exposure to PFAS chemicals in women. Many commonly used items such as non-stick cookware, carpet, food packaging, and dental floss contain per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), as these substances have water and fat-resistant properties. However, traces of PFAS have been found in humans and have been
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A recent study discussed why neck exercises are an important practice to help lessen the severity of or even avoid sports-related concussions.   Sports-related concussions happen when the head or neck experiences a strong force. These concussions can cause pathophysiological alterations in the brain, and damage to brain tissue is a long-term possibility. Sports-related concussions
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Diabetic eye disease can cause blindness, especially if the diagnosis is delayed. Artificial intelligence may play a role in early detection. Millions of people lose their eyesight to diabetic eye disease, out of the roughly 285 million people with diabetes mellitus worldwide. In many cases, delayed diagnosis is a contributing factor to vision loss. This
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In a recent study published in JAMA, researchers determined whether reducing added sugars will improve fatty liver disease in kids.   Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disorder in children. It is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, end-stage liver disease, liver cancer, and cardio-vascular disease. Added sugar in
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In a recent study, Australian researchers hoped to solidify a link between social media compulsive traits and risky drinking habits. Social media has been constructed to stimulate the reward centers of the brain with different variations on personal validation. While there is room to enjoy using social media responsibly, heavy usage of social media can
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Researchers investigated the impact of missing primary care medical appointments on the risk of death in patients with long-term conditions. Several previous studies have looked at the underlying reasons behind patients missing medical appointments. These can be related to patient factors or to the medical practice arrangements. However, less is known about the impact of
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There are few effective treatments for advanced ovarian cancer. A recent study showed that losartan, a drug that lowers blood pressure, could help ovarian cancer treatment.   Every year, more than 20,000 Americans are diagnosed with ovarian cancer. More than half of them will succumb to the disease. Many cases will not be identified until
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