Health, Fitness & Food

Researchers have uncovered a new class of therapeutic molecules that target the cancer stem cells responsible for metastasis and tumour relapse. Not all cancer cells are the same and various types of cancer cells may exist within the same tumour. Research suggests that a subpopulation of cancer cells, known as cancer stem cells, are responsible
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Researchers investigated the impact of high-dose radiation on the host immune system during cancer treatments. Over four-fifths of lung cancers are non-small cell lung cancer. This type of lung cancer mainly occurs in current or former smokers. The treatment options for non-small cell lung cancer are mainly based on the stage of cancer. Radiation therapy
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Researchers investigate whether there is an association between androgen depletion therapy and dementia. Prostate cancer is androgen sensitive, meaning this cancer grows in response to the presence of androgens. Androgens are male sex hormones such as testosterone and dihydrotestosterone. Androgen deprivation therapy (the removal of circulating androgens) is one of the main approaches to treating
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A recent research study assesses non-invasive methods for screening and detecting endometrial cancer in women. Due to its positioning in the human body, the detection of endometrial cancer in women traditionally requires invasive procedures. However, advancements in biotechnology have unveiled non-invasive methods to screen the endometrium for early detection of endometrial cancer. Early detection is
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Researchers recently identified a group of mood neurons in the brain that may play a key role in emotional development in adolescence. The amygdala is an almond-shaped brain structure that is made up of a set of nerve cells (neurons) responsible for emotional processing and emotional response learning. The amygdala is unique because it continues
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Researchers uncover an easy-to-measure and reliable predictor of survival and unplanned hospitalizations amongst patients suffering from blood cancer. This quick and easy measure is gait speed (the speed with patients walk). Gait speed has been recommended as “a practical assessment of functional and physical performance in older patients with cancer.” A second measure that is
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Researchers from the University of Copenhagen studied how exercising at different times of day may have different effects on metabolism. Circadian rhythms are biological functions that occur repeatedly over periods of about 24 hours. Some daily rhythms, such as feeding, are easy to identify, while others are less obvious as they happen at the cellular
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Scientists at the University of Plymouth explored a novel mechanism for the treatment of Crohn’s disease. The research focused on a type of immune cells called macrophages. Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory disease of the bowel, causing abdominal cramps, loose stools, weight loss, and increased risk of colorectal cancer. There is no cure for this
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Researchers investigate whether a combination of fulvestrant and anastrozole will increase survival in HR+breast-cancer patients.   Breast cancer is a complex disease that is difficult to treat. There are different types of breast cancer and each type requires its own unique treatment strategy. There are two broad categories of breast cancer: hormone receptor positive (HR+)
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In a recent study published in the Journal of Clinical Periodontology, researchers studied the link between a plant-based diet and gingivitis in patients.   Gingivitis and periodontal disease affects about 732 million people worldwide and is increasing drastically. Periodontal disease and gingivitis are one the most common and preventable oral diseases. Researchers examined the effects
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