Drugs

Personal protective equipment, including face masks, are an essential piece of equipment for healthcare workers, since the spread of respiratory viruses, such as the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), occurs primarily via droplets that are dispersed by infected individuals through coughing and sneezing. However, due to the current pandemic and subsequent surge in use of personal protective
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Italian researchers surveyed healthcare workers on the frontline of COVID-19 to determine how the outbreak affected their mental health. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs because of traumatic experiences. One study found that almost 15% of emergency room physicians experience PTSD because of on-the-job stress. With over 1.5 million cases in the US alone, frontline and
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A recent study highlights the benefit of introducing a family-based physical activity and nutrition intervention.  The abnormal changes that lead to the development of heart disease begin as early as childhood. In the US, one in five children has at least one abnormal cholesterol measure. Studies suggest that many adults with heart disease may have
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Use of ECMO, a machine that can take over the function of lungs, in patients with severely compromised lung function shows promise in treating COVID-19 patients. The most common cause of mortality in COVID-19 patients is respiratory failure and to a lesser extent, cardiac failure. Being 65 years of age or older, obesity, pre-existing conditions
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Researchers propose a new method of self-competition through virtual reality exergaming to increase the power output and intrinsic motivation of home-based cyclists. A sedentary lifestyle can have a negative effect on both physical and mental health; it is associated with critical health conditions, obesity, and early death. Moderate physical activity for at least thirty minutes
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Using AI to detect COVID-19 tested as a potential method of rapidly and efficiently diagnosing patients. The rapid global spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus has presented a huge number of healthcare challenges. One of the greatest difficulties in managing the pandemic is the diagnosis of the disease. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction tests (RT-PCR) remain
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Researchers from the UK conducted a comprehensive review to examine the effectiveness of school closures during COVID-19. On March 12, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 outbreak to be a pandemic. According to the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), about 107 countries implemented national school closures in response to the
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The spread of respiratory viruses, such as the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), can occur via droplets that are dispersed by infected individuals through coughing and sneezing. There is also evidence to suggest that these droplets can be dispersed by talking or even normal breathing.1-2 Personal protective equipment, such as a protective face mask, is therefore necessary
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Researchers propose model based on ‘shield immunity’ where immune individuals help to slow virus spread. The spread of the global coronavirus pandemic appears to be slowing down in many countries, thanks to a variety of measures such as travel restrictions and shutdowns of non-essential businesses. Whilst these measures have been somewhat successful, they are unsustainable
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Hong Kong researchers investigated a triple antiviral drug combination for COVID-19 treatment in patients with mild to moderate illness. The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, has affected more than 230 countries, with over three million cases and 200,000 deaths confirmed, according to WHO estimates at the beginning of May 2020. The majority of
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Researchers hypothesize why patients taking ACE inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers may be at a higher risk of severe COVID-19. ACE inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers are cardiovascular medications commonly used to treat a variety of diseases, including high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, and chronic kidney disease. However, early research indicates that these drugs
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During the steady rise of COVID-19 cases throughout the world, one subpopulation appears to be largely unaffected: children. With worldwide cases of COVID-19 on the rise, limited data is available on the prevalence and effects of COVID-19 in children. Steven L. Zeichner, head of UVA Health’s Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, and Andrea T. Cruz,
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A recent study evaluated the factors associated with mental health symptoms in healthcare workers exposed to COVID-19. The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) was first detected in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and since that time, the outbreak spread quickly to more than 200 countries. Healthcare workers, responsible for the treatment of patients with COVID-19 are more
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