Clinical Trials & Research

A recent study examined the impact of prenatal stress in first-time parents on the social, emotional, and psychological development of the child. Bringing a child into the world is an enormous responsibility. Any parent, especially a first-time mother or father, understands this without needing to read through the current scientific literature. Yet, psychologists have been
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According to a new study, the intestinal immune system may mediate insulin resistance during obesity. The gut is an important contributor to obesity and its associated complications. Not only is it colonized by trillions of bacteria, but the gut microbiome also interacts with populations of immune cells that coexist within the intestine. Termed the intestinal
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A new study from scientists at Tel Aviv University investigated a vaccine for melanoma, the fastest-growing skin cancer. Melanoma is the cancer of melanocytes, the cells that produce melanin or skin pigment. There are several treatment options for melanoma, including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy. Researchers from Tel Aviv University have developed a new approach –
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New research has found that walnuts could potentially protect against flare-ups in ulcerative colitis. Inflammatory bowel disease is very common, with three million adults reporting having the condition in 2015.  Ulcerative colitis is a form of inflammatory bowel disease, where the colon or rectum becomes irritated and develops small sores called ulcers.  The ulcers cause
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In a recent study, the link between the use of social network sites and mental health outcomes in adult individuals was explored. With the advent of information and communication technologies, there has been an increase in studies largely focusing on their impact on mental health. There have been connections made between these technologies and anxiety
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Researchers discover a vital pathway that may serve as a potential treatment target for Crohn’s disease. Among the list of chronic diseases, Crohn’s disease is a debilitating illness that affects over 1.6 million people in North America alone. It’s characterized by chronic inflammation within the gastrointestinal tract, with affected regions ranging from the mouth to
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Eating a Mediterranean diet during pregnancy can potentially reduce the risk of developing gestational diabetes, study finds Diet is very important especially during pregnancy. It is said that a Mediterranean diet can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Since studies have indicated that eating a Mediterranean diet reduces the risk
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A recent study tested sunscreen use under typical conditions, comparing the effectiveness of sunscreens rated at SPF50 and SPF100. It is usually assumed that the higher the sun protection factor (SPF) rating a sunscreen has, the greater the amount of protection it provides. Researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine and New York School of
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Recently, researchers find out how many patients express their wishes as an advance directive before elective surgery in cases of emergency. An advance directive (AD) is a legal document that becomes effective if a patient cannot speak for themselves, or expresses their wishes for medical care. An advance directive is important not only for patients
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Researchers train cancer-sniffing dogs to distinguish blood samples from lung cancer patients Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in men and women worldwide. People diagnosed with late-stage lung cancer have a less favourable prognosis and lower chances of survival. For non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the five-year survival rate is 92 percent
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Researchers examine the changes in bioactive compounds when foods are cooked using extra virgin olive oil. Olive oil is the main source of fat in the Mediterranean diet. The quantities of vegetables, legumes, and fruits in the Mediterranean diet provide high phytochemical content, and previous studies have shown that it is beneficial for cardiovascular and
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Researchers have investigated how the relationship between parents and depressed teens is affected by treatment length. The Treatment for Adolescents with Depression Study (TADS) is a study that pays special attention to how parents of depressed teens and their marital and parent-child relationships function during treatment. Some earlier studies found that there was a reciprocal
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A new study examined the risk of mortality with long-term use of heartburn medicine, finding PPIs associated with increased mortality. Heartburn medications are some of the most commonly used drugs in North America, both with or without a prescription. However, their widespread and unnecessary usage may have serious long-term health effects. Medications for heartburn and
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A recent Australian study explored a connection between sun exposure and risk of inflammatory bowel disease in children. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic intestinal condition that includes two main forms, namely ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. The disease is uncommon in children, but research estimates that 15-25% of diagnoses occur in people under
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In recent years, robotic surgery for throat cancer has become more common. A study has investigated if robotic surgery was safer than radiation therapy. Radiation therapy is typically used in the treatment of throat cancer. However, this procedure can cause several side effects, including problems swallowing. In recent years, throat cancer has begun to be
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In a recent study, researchers tested different types of antibiotics as a potential endometriosis treatment. Endometriosis is a chronic condition that can lead to pelvic and lower abdominal pain and infertility. About 10% of women between 25 and 40 years old have endometriosis. This condition can cause a significant reduction in quality of life. Endometriosis
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A recent study suggests that older people who regularly use sleeping pills may end up needing more blood pressure medications to control their blood pressure.   High blood pressure is a common condition among older aged people. Fortunately, blood pressure medications can reduce blood pressure and therefore reduce the cardiovascular risks associated with the condition.
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A new study in the Journal of Experimental Medicine investigated the molecular factors behind the gender disparity in liver cancer development.   According to a 2108 study based on data from the International Agency for Research on Cancer, liver cancer is the fourth most lethal form of cancer worldwide. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common
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Researchers analyzed evidence from previous studies to determine the most effective approaches for treating urinary incontinence in women.   Urinary incontinence is the involuntary loss of bladder control causing urine leakage. There are two main types: stress incontinence and urgency incontinence. Stress incontinence occurs after coughing, sneezing or physical exertion, and urgency incontinence occurs when
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Physicians from McMaster University in Canada recently published a list of facts about penicillin allergy the public may not know. The document is published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ).   Almost a century has passed since the discovery of the first antibiotic. Nowadays, antibiotics are among the most prescribed drugs. Among them, penicillins
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In Southwestern Ontario, researchers studied if environmental factors are associated with adverse birth outcomes such as low birth weight and preterm birth.   Adverse birth outcomes can lead to disease and mortality. Within developing countries, the percentage of babies born with low birth weight is 16.5%, and in developed countries, that number is 7%. There
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