Clinical Trials & Research

  Several neurological diseases are treated with brain stem cell transplants. The major hurdle for this therapy is the rejection of the foreign cells by the body’s own immune system. Scientists from Johns Hopkins Medicine have developed an innovative method to overcome this rejection, thus avoiding the anti-immunity drugs for effective brain stem cell transplant.
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Study shows the benefit of resuming blood thinner drugs after a gastrointestinal bleed outweighs the risk of a rebleeding event. Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a common problem affecting approximately 150 patients per 100,000 population in the United States and the United Kingdom and has a mortality rate of 5% to 10%. GI bleeding can be
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A recent study assessed cancer patients’ perceptions regarding the potential causes of their cancer. Cancer is one of the leading causes of death around the world.  There are many known risk factors such as smoking, poor diet, inadequate exercise, alcohol consumption, and sun exposure. Knowing what people think causes cancer is important for promoting prevention
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A recent study assessed cancer patients’ perceptions regarding the potential causes of their cancer. Cancer is one of the leading causes of death around the world.  There are many known risk factors such as smoking, poor diet, inadequate exercise, alcohol consumption, and sun exposure. Knowing what people think causes cancer is important for promoting prevention
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Researchers recently reviewed the benefits of a plant-based diet for rheumatoid arthritis sufferers. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that affects up to one percent of the world’s population, potentially 75 million people. The cause of RA is unknown, but it is thought to be a combination of genetics, environment, and chance. Rheumatoid arthritis
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Researchers have demonstrated an association between diet-mediated remission in inflammatory bowel disease and microbiome composition. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an umbrella name for various gastrointestinal tract disorders, the most abundant is Crohn’s disease in humans. Years of research have suggested that a combination of environmental factors and genetic susceptibility plays a role in the
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Recent research investigates the controversial practice of time-outs on emotional and behavioural functioning in children. Many parents are aware of the time-out strategy as a means of discouraging bad behaviour. Although this tactic is supported by the American Academy of Pediatrics, there have been lingering questions about its effectiveness and whether or not this strategy
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A new study has reported on the results of a tablet-based application for multiple sclerosis cognitive assessment, demonstrating equivalency in score and improved and faster administration procedure compared to paper-based assessments. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease, in which the communication between neurons is disrupted due to the damage to myelin protein. Myelin covers
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Researchers examined findings from The Hypertension and Preeclampsia Intervention Trial At near Term-1 (HYPITAT-I). Specifically, they studied hypertension and preeclampsia during pregnancy and post-pregnancy. Hypertension and preeclampsia are two conditions categorized as hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. Hypertension and preeclampsia can have an effect on embryo or fetus development. These conditions can potentially lead to maternal
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Researchers examined findings from The Hypertension and Preeclampsia Intervention Trial At near Term-1 (HYPITAT-I). Specifically, they studied hypertension and preeclampsia during pregnancy and post-pregnancy. Hypertension and preeclampsia are two conditions categorized as hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. Hypertension and preeclampsia can have an effect on embryo or fetus development. These conditions can potentially lead to maternal
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Biting down on an oral orthotic device may suppress tics in patients with Tourette Syndrome. Tourette Syndrome is a neurological disorder characterized by repetitive and involuntary movements or sounds called tics. Simple motor tics can present as eye movements, grimacing, herd jerks, or shoulder shrugs. Simple vocal tics include throat-clearing, coughing, sniffing, barking, and grunting
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Medical treatment for addiction that targets the brain cells responsible for drug cravings may be the key to preventing relapse. In the United States alone, almost 20 million adults suffer from addiction to drugs or alcohol. Addiction is a chronic relapsing disorder and preventing relapse is one of the major goals of addiction treatment. Despite
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An extensive review assessed the evidence of benefits from nutritional supplements for mental health disorders. The importance of a good diet for physical health is well-known, but the role of nutrition in mental health is increasingly acknowledged. In addition to diet, the use of nutritional supplements for mental health disorders is a growing area of
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Researchers investigate the trends in physical activity in Americans over the last decade. We all know that exercise is part of a healthy lifestyle. In fact, there is research showing that it reduces the rate of mortality from any cause. Regular physical activity can help reduce the risk of getting chronic diseases such as diabetes
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Researchers recently studied the effect of financial incentives in promoting physical activity in adults. In the United States, more than 80% of adults do not get the recommended daily amount of physical activity. Including children age six and up, 80.2 million people are classified as not physically active. The lack of physical activity has led
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A recent Japanese study shows an inverse relationship between mushroom intake and the incidence of prostate cancer in middle-aged and elderly men. As the second most diagnosed cancer worldwide, prostate cancer is a significant challenge, and much research has focused on ways to reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer. In particular, a dietary focus
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Researchers develop a simple method for isolating trophoblast cells from cervical swabs. Prenatal diagnostic testing can detect genetic abnormalities in the fetus before birth. These procedures, including amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling, are considered invasive because they obtain fetal DNA from the amniotic fluid and placenta respectively. Invasive diagnostic testing may increase the risk of
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Australian researchers investigated how a new system of rapid blood tests for heart attack could help doctors to make earlier decisions about patient care. In Australia, around 30,000 patients a year visit the emergency department complaining of chest pain, a symptom associated with a heart attack. Deciding which patients have had a heart attack and
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In a recently published systematic review and meta-analysis, researchers address the impact of period pains on young women’s academic performance. A distinguishing feature of the female human body is the menstrual cycle. A common symptom of periods as part of the menstrual cycle is dysmenorrhea, otherwise known as period pain. Dysmenorrhea is highly common among
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Researchers found that specific environmental factors may alter the gut microbial community during spaceflight. The human intestinal tract consists of a diverse and complex microbial community, which plays a central role in human health. It has been estimated that our gut contains at least 1000 different species of known bacteria with 100-fold more genes than
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Researchers found that specific environmental factors may alter the gut microbial community during spaceflight. The human intestinal tract consists of a diverse and complex microbial community, which plays a central role in human health. It has been estimated that our gut contains at least 1000 different species of known bacteria with 100-fold more genes than
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Scientists investigate what makes a certain strain of yeast (S. Boulardii) probiotic. Probiotics are normally taken after an antibiotic. The antibiotic kills most of the bacteria in your gut and the idea is to take a probiotic to repopulate your gut with friendly microorganisms that will help fight off the harmful bacteria. Probiotics are defined
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A new study has evaluated how sleep, recreational screen time, and the extent of physical activity affect decision making and impulsive behavior in children The current age is marked with a revolution in social media engagement and the availability of entertaining and addictive digital platforms. It is not uncommon to see young children and adolescents
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A recent study investigated the effects of alternate day fasting, finding that participants had reduced total caloric intake and improved markers of cardiovascular health.   A recent clinical trial demonstrated that alternate day fasting for a period of four weeks was able to improve markers of overall health, including markers of cardiovascular health, reduced fat
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