Clinical Trials & Research

A recent article published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal assessed the maternal risks associated with infertility treatments. Every year, up to 4% of births in Canada result from the use of infertility treatments. Treatments such as in vitro fertilization and ovulation induction provide couples who have difficulty getting pregnant with the opportunity to have
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Reading Time: 3 minutes Researchers recently examined a patient case who developed chest pain and obstructed blood flow to the heart after consuming a marijuana lollipop.   The use of marijuana carries risk and side effects, just like all other medications. In a recent case, inappropriate dosing and consumption of marijuana by an older patient
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Reading Time: 2 minutes Researchers from the University of Adelaide determined the effect of previous orthodontic treatments on long-term oral health and dental caries. Maintaining a daily oral health routine is a vital part of dental health. Aside from the basics of brushing and flossing at home, attending regular dentist appointments are also important for
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Reading Time: 3 minutes A recent study sought to evaluate how often emergency departments are discharging patients with prescriptions that can cause drug interactions with their home medications. Approximately 25% of patients in the community experience an adverse drug reaction, of which 39% are preventable. Most of these preventable adverse drug reactions are from drug-drug
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Reading Time: 2 minutes Recently, the American Heart Association released a scientific statement on hookah health risks and its prevalence. Water pipe smoking, also known as hookah, is an increasingly prevalent trend across the globe and is particularly common among youth and young adults. Hookah consists of several components including burning charcoals placed on a
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Reading Time: 2 minutes Australian researchers examined data to see if a dietary intervention was an effective tool to battle against symptoms of depression and anxiety.   It is a well-known fact that poor dietary habits can have negative effects on mental health. Yet researchers from different health institutes across Australia wanted to properly assess
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Reading Time: 2 minutes Researchers investigated the effects of acupressure on chronic pain, anxiety, depression and poor sleep in breast cancer survivors. Long after finishing treatment, many breast cancer patients experience persistent symptoms of fatigue, chronic pain, anxiety, depression and poor sleep. These long-term symptoms have a great impact on patients’ quality of life and
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Reading Time: 2 minutes Researchers from Purdue University in the United States developed a series of new compounds to treat acute myeloid leukemia and tested them in a preclinical study. According to the Canadian Cancer Society, over 1,300 Canadians were diagnosed with this aggressive leukemia in 2013, with nearly a thousand Canadians died from it.
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Reading Time: 3 minutes A study published in Science Translational Medicine examined the clinical efficacy and safety of a new diabetes drug. Type 2 diabetes is a disease in which the body is unable to regulate blood sugar levels. Normally, the pancreas secretes insulin, which allows your body to effectively process sugars into energy. In
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Reading Time: 2 minutes A recent study in The European Heart Journal determined whether peak oxygen targets could lower individuals’ heart attack risk. VO2 max is also known as maximal oxygen consumption. It is a measure of the volume of oxygen required at an individual’s maximum cardiorespiratory activity. Cardiorespiratory activity is usually an action that
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Reading Time: 3 minutes A Canadian study conducted at the University of Calgary examined whether screen time habits of toddlers influences development and behavior. Pediatric recommendations clearly state that children under eight years of age should spend no more than one hour a day watching high-quality television. The reality, unfortunately, is quite different. In the
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Reading Time: 3 minutes A new study published in the journal Birth determined whether maternal sleep is associated with the risk of stillbirth. Stillbirth is fetal death at or after 28 weeks of pregnancy. The risk factors for stillbirth include advanced age, obesity, smoking, pre-eclampsia, and diabetes in pregnancy. Being a preventable cause, several studies
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Reading Time: 3 minutes In a recent study, researchers from China, Korea, and the US explored the relationship between a sedentary lifestyle and the risk of young-onset colorectal cancer. Colorectal cancer is a form of cancer that starts in the colon or rectum and is typically diagnosed in later life. However, young-onset colorectal cancer, diagnosed
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Reading Time: 2 minutes A recent study revealed the overall risk of a subsequent mental illness diagnosis across a wide range of disorders.   One of the most perplexing findings in psychiatry is that the presence of one mental health disorder drastically increases the chances of developing another. Some estimates report that these chances can
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New research determines the correlation between mortality rates due to cardiovascular disease and sauna bathing habits. Previous research has suggested that exposure to heat reduces the stiffness of arteries, lowers blood pressure, and improves the cardiovascular system. A common form of heat therapy, sauna bathing, has been linked with cardiovascular benefits among others including reduced
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Flaxseed fiber helps lower cholesterol and lipid levels in the blood. A recent study explored how the fermentability of flaxseed fiber affects gut health and improves metabolism in animal studies. Dietary fibers can be categorized into three broad groups based on their viscosity, solubility, and fermentability. Viscous dietary fibers form a gel with the stomach
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A recent study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society may have found a reason to rethink the idea that low cholesterol is always better. Triglycerides are your body’s main form of storing fat, and right now, treatment guidelines recommend lowering your triglyceride levels, no matter how old you are. However, it is known
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Researchers investigated how the risk of breast cancer spread is affected by young women diagnosed in the years following childbirth. According to the National Cancer Institute, 25,000 women below the age of 45 are diagnosed with breast cancer every year in the USA. Previous studies showed that in this group of young women, those whose
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In a study published in Nature Communications, researchers investigated the genetic variants involved in the fat distribution amongst men and women. Many descriptions of body shapes draw comparisons to fruits; more women are reported to have a pear-shaped body while more men tend to have bodies shaped like an apple. These differences arise from differences
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In a recent study published in Nutrients, researchers found that eating a vegan diet regulates blood sugar, satiety, weight, and promotes beneficial gut hormones.   Obesity increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. A change in dietary intake can decrease those chances. Research shows that consuming red meat and processed
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A recent study in PNAS investigated whether inorganic nitrates can prevent steatosis of liver using cell and animal models.   Increasing age and unhealthy dietary habits are risk factors for obesity and type 2 diabetes, both of which contribute to the development and progression of cardiovascular disease. Additionally, obesity and type 2 diabetes can also
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New research published in Neurology investigates the potential benefits of exercise on thinking skills and cognitive function in adults. Regular exercise is an important component of living a healthy lifestyle for many reasons. It is extremely beneficial to physical health because it helps maintain optimal body mass and composition, respiratory function, and much more. It
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