Clinical Trials & Research

Many adults regularly experience problems sleeping. The American Sleep Association estimates that 50 to 70 million U.S. adults currently suffer from sleep disorders.1 When deep sleep is affected, this may decrease the body’s ability to function normally. What is deep sleep? During deep sleep, slow waves are detectable within the brain.2 The time spent in
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Like all organs in the human body, our bones are constantly undergoing remodelling.1 This process is mainly mediated by cells known as osteoclasts and osteoblasts.1 Osteoclasts are responsible for the breakdown of bone while osteoblasts function to build bone by producing key components, particularly hydroxyapatite.1 Up to 70% of bone contains hydroxyapatite, which is a
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As of May 2022, COVID-19 restrictions continue to ease, with reduced mask mandates in public spaces and increased vaccination rates. So far, approximately 81% of the Canadian population and 66% of the U.S. population are fully vaccinated.1 According to recent studies, these vaccines have significantly reduced risk of hospitalization and death from SARS-CoV-2 infection.2,3  However,
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Running can have multiple health benefits and is one of the most common physical activities practiced around the world. However, running-related injury can sometimes occur. Unfortunately, the drawback is that multiple factors may contribute to causing a running-related injury. Some risk factors for injury can include demographics, lower limb anatomy, training behaviour and the type
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Effective diabetes prevention and management remain a public health challenge. According to the World Health Organization, an estimated 422 million people worldwide have diabetes, and 1.5 million deaths annually are attributed to it.3 Lifestyle modifications which entail healthy eating, physical activity, and medication are routine treatments for diabetes. Recent studies have linked the Mediterranean diet
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High blood pressure, also referred to as hypertension, is a common medical condition. In North America, as many as 1 in 3 individuals are silently living with this disorder. Genetics, being overweight or obese, advancing age, and being African-American all predispose individuals to have high blood pressure. High blood pressure causes no symptoms early on
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Joint pain and degeneration are common problems, affecting millions of people in North America and worldwide. Joint degeneration, or osteoarthritis, occurs due to the breakdown and loss of connective tissue in the joints. This leads to inflammation as the bones lose their cushion and rub together.1 This problem increases in frequency with age and affected individuals
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Fungal nail infections can be a stressful and recurring problem in some peoples’ lives. Fungal nail infections, referred to as onychomycosis in the medical community, affect as much as 10% of the general population. And the likelihood of experiencing fungal nail infections only increases with age – with the chance of being affected rising to
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Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly prescribed to relieve pain and inflammation. However, these medications have been linked to an increased risk of acute kidney injury.1 A newly published study from the University of Southampton highlights that those already at risk for acute kidney injury may still be prescribed NSAIDs. Results suggest the need to review
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