Cancer

Medical scientists in the United States have discovered the key protein responsible for childhood leukemia. They discussed their findings in Genes & Development. Childhood leukemia, the most common cancer of children in Canada, is a cancer of the white blood cells. Leukemia develops when abnormal white blood cells form in the bone marrow. These abnormal
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A new study published in the journal Cancer describes links between treatment-induced DNA damage and its effects on biological aging and cognitive decline. Many currently used radiotherapies and chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of cancer can induce severe DNA damage in the cells in the patient’s body. These molecular changes are known to hasten the
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New research from Case Western Reserve University in the United States makes strides in understanding why HIV-infected patients often suffer from higher cancer rates. Controlling HIV infection with antiretroviral therapy has considerably reduced the risk of AIDS-defining cancers such as Kaposi’s sarcoma and certain B-cell lymphomas. However, cancer remains a leading cause of death in
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A new study in European Urology has described the results of a 20-year study describing how the presence of IBD in men influences prostate cancer risk.   Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) includes a group of chronic conditions that lead to prolonged inflammation within organs of the digestive tract. IBD is a disorder that primarily occurs
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A study compared the effectiveness of surgery and postoperative radiation therapy compared to surgery alone in treating aggressive prostate cancer. Treatment for prostate cancer varies depending on the progression of the disease, which can be graded by assessing biopsied tissue using the Gleason score.  Tumours of patients with Gleason scores of 9 to 10 are
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Hot flashes during menopause are usually more severe in breast cancer survivors than in the general female population. Hormone-replacement therapy is a traditional treatment for hot flashes, but many women cannot tolerate these drugs. A recent study explored the use of oxybutynin for reducing hot flashes. Hot flashes are a common symptom of menopause. Menopause
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Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Recent research has suggested ties between pancreatic cancer and the use of birth control pills. Danish researchers Butt and colleagues investigate whether this is the case. Pancreatic cancer is rare but extremely lethal. Pancreatic tissues display sex-hormone receptors, and both estrogen and progesterone appear to inhibit pancreatic tumor
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Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Researchers in North Carolina, USA tested a treatment for Hodgkin’s lymphoma that programs patients’ white blood cells to target cancer cells. Hodgkin’s lymphoma, also called Hodgkin’s disease, is a type of cancer originating from lymphocytes. Lymphocytes are white blood cells of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is
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Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] A recent study has shed light on mechanisms dictating the relationship between cancer metabolism and the effectiveness of virus-driven targeted therapy. It has been known for many decades that cancer cells aggressively utilize glucose to fuel their rapid cell growth. This is known as the Warburg effect. In
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Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] A recent study published in the Scientific Reports has devised an ingenious way to target drugs to brain cancer. Accounting for 12-15% of all intracranial brain cancers, glioblastoma is one of the most deadly cancers. Glioblastomas are cancer cells that form from abnormal astrocytes. Astrocytes are brain cells that are
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Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] At the recent ESMO 2018 Congress, French researchers presented two studies investigating exercise and cancer treatment recovery. Cancer treatments are fatiguing, and recovering patients may feel they lack energy for exercise or sport. However, recent research suggests that it is important to keep physically active during cancer treatment
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Our Reader Score [Total: 1 Average: 5] At the ESMO 2018 Congress, researchers reported promising results from an immunotherapy trial in patients with aggressive metastatic breast cancer. According to the World Cancer Research Fund statistics, breast cancer is the most commonly occurring cancer in women, with over two million new cases in 2018. There are
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Our Reader Score [Total: 2 Average: 3] A recent article published in the NEJM has highlighted a first-of-its-kind success in lengthening survival for patients with aggressive breast cancer. Metastatic triple negative breast cancer is a form of an aggressive breast cancer that has spread within distant organs of the body and lacks key growth receptors that can
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