Cancer

Reading Time: 2 minutes In a recent study, researchers examine breast cancer recurrence by the creation of two tumor models.   There are a certain group of breast cancer patients who are described to have oestrogen receptor (ER) alpha-positive (ER+) tumors . These tumors are especially resistant to adjuvant oestrogen deprivation therapy because those with
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A new study published in PLOS Medicine investigated how obesity contributes to the development of kidney cancer. Multiple studies have demonstrated a consistent positive association between obesity and kidney cancer, regardless of risk factors for this cancer such as hypertension. This relationship have been found to be stronger in women, although it has also been
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A recent study analyzing the receptor that leads to nausea could be crucial in the development of drugs to reduce chemotherapy side effects. Most currently used cancer drugs are known to cause many chemotherapy side effects. These unpleasant side effects are sensed through a class of receptors called neurokin 1 receptor (NK1R). Pharmacological targeting of these
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Medical scientists in the United States have discovered the key protein responsible for childhood leukemia. They discussed their findings in Genes & Development. Childhood leukemia, the most common cancer of children in Canada, is a cancer of the white blood cells. Leukemia develops when abnormal white blood cells form in the bone marrow. These abnormal
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A new study published in the journal Cancer describes links between treatment-induced DNA damage and its effects on biological aging and cognitive decline. Many currently used radiotherapies and chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of cancer can induce severe DNA damage in the cells in the patient’s body. These molecular changes are known to hasten the
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New research from Case Western Reserve University in the United States makes strides in understanding why HIV-infected patients often suffer from higher cancer rates. Controlling HIV infection with antiretroviral therapy has considerably reduced the risk of AIDS-defining cancers such as Kaposi’s sarcoma and certain B-cell lymphomas. However, cancer remains a leading cause of death in
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A new study in European Urology has described the results of a 20-year study describing how the presence of IBD in men influences prostate cancer risk.   Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) includes a group of chronic conditions that lead to prolonged inflammation within organs of the digestive tract. IBD is a disorder that primarily occurs
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A study compared the effectiveness of surgery and postoperative radiation therapy compared to surgery alone in treating aggressive prostate cancer. Treatment for prostate cancer varies depending on the progression of the disease, which can be graded by assessing biopsied tissue using the Gleason score.  Tumours of patients with Gleason scores of 9 to 10 are
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Hot flashes during menopause are usually more severe in breast cancer survivors than in the general female population. Hormone-replacement therapy is a traditional treatment for hot flashes, but many women cannot tolerate these drugs. A recent study explored the use of oxybutynin for reducing hot flashes. Hot flashes are a common symptom of menopause. Menopause
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Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Recent research has suggested ties between pancreatic cancer and the use of birth control pills. Danish researchers Butt and colleagues investigate whether this is the case. Pancreatic cancer is rare but extremely lethal. Pancreatic tissues display sex-hormone receptors, and both estrogen and progesterone appear to inhibit pancreatic tumor
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Our Reader Score [Total: 0 Average: 0] Researchers in North Carolina, USA tested a treatment for Hodgkin’s lymphoma that programs patients’ white blood cells to target cancer cells. Hodgkin’s lymphoma, also called Hodgkin’s disease, is a type of cancer originating from lymphocytes. Lymphocytes are white blood cells of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is
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