Allergies & Asthma

Researchers present the cardiotoxic consequences associated with energy drink abuse in a 26-year-old patient. Energy drinks are widely used to enhance mental and physical performance, owing to the high content of caffeine, taurine, sugar, and other stimulants. In recent years, a number of reports have drawn attention to the side-effects associated with the use and
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Study examining how mental illness is diagnosed using patient self-reports of symptoms in comparison to current Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder diagnosis. Mental illness is a health problem characterized by changes in the way a person thinks, feels, or behaves that can cause distress to the individual. It is considered one of the most common health problems in
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Researchers have taken a closer look at the antibacterial properties of breast milk to find out what makes it so good for fighting infectious bacteria. The beneficial properties of breast milk are well established: The World Health Organisation recommends that babies are exclusively breastfed until six months of age, and then alongside solid food, breastfeeding
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Canadian healthcare policy experts studied the impact of providing free essential medicines on treatment adherence. Medicines to treat common health conditions including heart disease and diabetes are often not accessible to patients because of cost. Worldwide estimates of nonadherence to drug treatments for chronic diseases range from 40-60%. Several approaches have been suggested to improve
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A new study investigated the association between pre-diagnostic colonoscopy and colorectal cancer deaths, to demonstrate the effectiveness of colon cancer screening. The development of colorectal cancer is a process that involves multiple steps that take place over a long period of time. This long development process allows screening and detection of early-stage, pre-cancerous polyps before
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Researchers examine the effects of childhood mild-to-moderate hearing loss on the development of the central auditory system. The human brain processes sound through the central auditory system, a set of cortical structures that recognize and give meaning to auditory stimuli. The development of the central auditory system occurs during childhood. The auditory experience during this
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Researchers at Lund University, Sweden, have developed prediction models that could minimize surgery on lymph nodes as part of the treatment for breast cancer patients. These models were achieved with the help of machine learning, based on data obtained from more than 3000 breast cancer patients. Breast cancer is one of the most common types
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A recent study evaluated the benefit of a new combination treatment for patients with BRAF-mutant metastatic colorectal cancer. Approximately ten percent of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer have the BRAF mutation. This specific colorectal cancer subtype carries a poor prognosis as initial treatment for BRAF-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer often has poor outcomes and next line
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In a recent study, researchers analyzed whether retinal changes can be useful as early diagnostic criteria for Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder; recent research efforts have focused on the early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease. The retina is an extension of the central nervous system, sharing many structural and functional features of the
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Researchers examine oral microbiota and its possible link to child and adolescent obesity. Worldwide, obesity remains a major health issue, with rates of obesity on the rise in both adults and children. Obesity can be influenced by genetics; however, environmental, social, and psychological factors play a large role. Previous research has shown distinctions in taste
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Recent research investigated that the quality of a mother’s diet during pregnancy has an impact on the child’s susceptibility to diseases in later life. The interactions between the mothers’ diet during pregnancy and its impact on offspring is often investigated by scientists. Certain foods and drugs play a vital role in the child’s wellbeing later
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Newly discovered activity of the leukemia drug, nilotinib, shows promise for being useful to treat certain types of cancer. Hedgehog-dependent medulloblastoma is a deadly brain cancer that makes up about one-third of all childhood brain cancers. The Hedgehog (Hh) molecular signaling pathway and its specific component, Smoothened (SMO), is important for normal embryonic development. Abnormal
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A recent article published in the New England Journal of Medicine has shown extremely promising results for the treatment of Ulcerative colitis using a drug that is currently approved for the treatment of Psoriasis. Ulcerative Colitis is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes long-term inflammation of the digestive tract. This immune-mediated disorder
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A Swedish study compared prostate cancer occurrence in men who needed IVF or ICSI to have children, compared with men who did not need fertility treatment. Assisted reproduction is just another term describing the use of fertility treatment to enable couples to have children. For men who have either low sperm counts or encounter difficulties
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Some genetic risk factors for high cholesterol may not apply to non-European populations, study finds. Over the last decade, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have evolved into a powerful tool for genetics research. By scanning whole-genome samples, GWAS can detect genetic variations that contribute to human disease susceptibility. GWAS have been used to identify genetic risk
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Recent technological advancements in treating type 1 diabetes have recently been described in The Lancet. Type 1, or juvenile, diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the body mistakes its own cells – β-cells in the pancreas – for foreign cells and subsequently tries to get rid of them. There are numerous treatments for the management
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A recent study examined the effects of spousal relationship quality on the amount and frequency of parent-child communication. The interactions between the psychological wellbeing of parents and their children are often investigated by researchers. Family psychologists often attempt to determine how different factors in one or both parents, influence their relationship to their child, and
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Researchers recently investigated the effectiveness of three oral drugs used in the treatment of hypertension during pregnancy. Hypertension is one of the most common medical problems women experience during pregnancy. Ten percent of pregnancies are complicated by hypertension. There are many variations of hypertension, but all present dangers to the mother and baby. Women who
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A new meta-analysis evaluated the link between breast cancer and prostate cancer risk to determine if breast cancer in first-degree relatives increased the risk of prostate cancer in men. Prostate cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in men in most western countries. Prostate cancer has high morbidity and mortality making it the fifth
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Researchers have demonstrated an association between diet-mediated remission in inflammatory bowel disease and microbiome composition. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an umbrella name for various gastrointestinal tract disorders, the most abundant is Crohn’s disease in humans. Years of research have suggested that a combination of environmental factors and genetic susceptibility plays a role in the
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New research investigates the possibility of monitoring blood pressure with smartphone cameras. Nearly 50 percent of American adults have high blood pressure, and a large proportion of those do not know they have it.  High blood pressure, also called hypertension, can be caused by a variety of factors including stress, heavy alcohol consumption, a high-fat
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