Aging

Recent studies suggest that cancer patients should receive a prescribed exercise to maintain a healthy heart. Cardiovascular diseases and cancer are the most common diseases among developed countries. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cancer is the second leading cause of mortality with an estimated 9.6 million deaths in 2018 globally. They share common
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A team led by scientists from Cambridge University has developed less intensive strategies for controlling type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes affects 400 million people globally. It carries the risk of heart disease, stroke, blindness, and amputations. Several measures previously described to control diabetes involved intensive lifestyle modifications and an extreme reduction in dietary calories.
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  Coronary artery disease is caused by the narrowing or blockage of arteries that supply the heart with blood. Despite recent advances in the treatment and care of patients with coronary artery disease, it remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the developed world. The condition is often associated with adverse health events
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  Overtraining syndrome typically occurs in top athletes that excessively exercise. The condition is associated with major fatigue, depressive symptoms including apathy, irritation and restlessness, and reduced athletic performance. If left unaddressed, these athletes may be tempted to use and rely on illegal substances, which can help restore their performance. It is important, therefore, that
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Recent research examined the effects of paracetamol intake during pregnancy leads to neurocognitive problems in children. Acetaminophen (paracetamol) is a medication widely used around the world used to treat fever and pain. To study the risks associated with using paracetamol at mid-stages of pregnancy, researchers from the University of Bristol examined the association between paracetamol
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A large data analysis evaluated fat mass index and lean body mass index as indicators of cardiovascular risk in diabetes patients. Obesity is an important risk factor for several health problems, including heart disease. It is important to have an accurate method of measuring obesity, both in order to study its effects on populations and
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Researchers in the UK conducted a comparative study on the outcome of surgery & non-surgical treatment for varicose veins. The study (aptly named CLASS – Comparison of Laser, Surgery and Foam Sclerotherapy) was a large, multi-center randomized trial conducted across 11 centers in the UK. It involved two non-surgical treatments, Foam Sclerotherapy and Laser Ablation,
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A series of research studies report on the effects of blueberries on age-related health. Blueberries contain anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties; characteristics that are strongly linked with healthy aging. Previous studies conducted on rodents have identified that blueberries offer several health benefits for those facing age-related conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, obesity, cardiovascular disease, and blood
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A recent study assessed the potential of a correlation between lifespan cognitive reserve and the risk of developing dementia while taking brain pathologies into account. Lifespan cognitive reserve is a crucial aspect of brain function and cognitive behaviour. As individuals experience life, the brain develops mechanisms to cope with challenging situations involving stress, tension, and
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A new stem cell-derived human model reveals the role of the most common genetic risk factor, the APOE4 gene, in Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia. The brain changes associated with Alzheimer’s disease begin decades before clinical signs and symptoms are detected or observed. It is a progressive disease characterized
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Researchers from Baylor University analyzed combined data from previous studies to identify sleep disturbances in caregivers of dementia patients and determined behavioral interventions that can improve their sleep. The number of adults with dementia is increasing every year causing a respective increase in the number of caregivers of dementia patients. It is estimated that there
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New evidence reveals that exposure to higher prenatal estrogen levels may be predictive of a higher risk of autism. Males are three times more likely to be diagnosed with autism than females. This male bias for autism has suggested that sexual differentiation may be involved with its development. Although autism is strongly heritable and specific
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New research investigates the potential use of resveratrol for depression and anxiety. Resveratrol is a plant compound found in delicious foods like blueberries, cranberries, dark chocolate, and red wine.  This compound has been shown to have a variety of positive effects, and taking resveratrol supplements has been correlated with lower systolic blood pressure and improved
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Keeping farm animals may promote early immune development via changes to the infant gut microbiome. The gut microbiome consists of trillions of bacteria that colonize the human gastrointestinal tract. This vast community of microbes is intimately involved in numerous aspects of host health and disease. Gut microbes and their fermentation products can influence the development
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A clinical trial is currently recruiting patients to assess the effectiveness of Olorinab to treat abdominal pain associated with irritable bowel syndrome. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), is a gastrointestinal disorder that is frequently associated with cramping, bloating, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, and gas. There is no cure for IBS and patients manage symptoms typically with
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The therapeutic activity of Prozac (Fluoxetine), a widely used anti-depressant, includes more than changes in serotonin levels, study shows. Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a chemical produced in the brain and intestines. It is a neurotransmitter that transmits chemical messages between different parts of the brain. Serotonin is thought to regulate mood, appetite, and sleep,
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Light emitting diode (LED) therapy has been gaining popularity for use in treating multiple dermatological conditions. As such, the accompanying research has also been gaining traction, with many positive results being reported. LED light stimulation causes natural photobiochemical reactions to occur in the skin. The biochemical processes will have different effects on the skin depending
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Researchers examined participants over a two-year period to understand the health benefits of a nutrient-filled calorie-restricted diet. Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death around the globe. Previous studies have shown that calorie restriction can reduce the risks of atherosclerosis. How does a two-year, nutrient-filled calorie restriction help reduce the risks of long-term cardiovascular
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Traditional blood glucose monitors versus continuous glucose monitors – ever wondered how blood glucose monitors work? Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, is a major concern in patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes. If left unmanaged, high blood sugar can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and induce significant nerve and kidney damage. Additionally, hyperglycemia
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The fourth annual review by the Cleveland Clinic on Alzheimer’s disease drug development pipeline highlighted several new advances in the field. Alzheimer’s disease drug development programs have a high failure rate and only a few treatments are currently available. Therefore, analysis of the Alzheimer’s drug development pipeline can provide some insight into the evolution of
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Three prominent healthcare providers recently debated whether or not obesity should be given the label of a disease, in the BMJ Today. The prevalence of obesity is on the rise in most developed nations. Many health complications for obese individuals can occur including high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and hormone-dependent cancers, to mention a
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