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A recent study examined the impact of prenatal stress in first-time parents on the social, emotional, and psychological development of the child. Bringing a child into the world is an enormous responsibility. Any parent, especially a first-time mother or father, understands this without needing to read through the current scientific literature. Yet, psychologists have been
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A study looks into the trends in marijuana-related poison control center calls before and after marijuana legalization in the state of Massachusetts. Marijuana legalization is a controversial topic, with a range of different opinions regarding its safety and purpose.  Marijuana, which is derived from the hemp plant, contains many different cannabinoids that have different effects
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A new study demonstrates evidence to support a ground-breaking theory for Alzheimer’s disease.   What do we know about Alzheimer’s disease? The 2018 World Alzheimer’s report notes that there are now some 50 million people living with Alzheimer’s disease worldwide. Somewhere in the world, a new Alzheimer’s patients is being diagnosed every three seconds (1).
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According to a new study, the intestinal immune system may mediate insulin resistance during obesity. The gut is an important contributor to obesity and its associated complications. Not only is it colonized by trillions of bacteria, but the gut microbiome also interacts with populations of immune cells that coexist within the intestine. Termed the intestinal
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The specifics of a long-known protective association between pregnancy and endometrial cancer were studied in a recent Danish investigation. Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecological cancer in women, and as a result, much research has been put into understanding the risk factors. A strong association has previously been found between pregnancy and endometrial cancer
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Scientists investigate whether diet can help prevent fatigue in multiple sclerosis patients.   Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder that affects the brain and spinal cord. The body’s immune system attacks the cells (oligodendrocytes) that make the fatty covers that surround nerve cells. This fatty cover is called the myelin sheath, this is why
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A new study from scientists at Tel Aviv University investigated a vaccine for melanoma, the fastest-growing skin cancer. Melanoma is the cancer of melanocytes, the cells that produce melanin or skin pigment. There are several treatment options for melanoma, including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy. Researchers from Tel Aviv University have developed a new approach –
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A recent study analyzed vaping trends among adolescents from Canada, England, and the US. Smoking has been a global public health concern for a long time. The toxins produced with the combustion of cigarettes are responsible for smoking-related diseases. Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) avoid this problem by evaporating a liquid substance, which may or may not
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In a recent study, researchers compared bacteria present on organically grown apples versus conventionally grown apples. With approximately 83 million apples grown last year, apples are among the most consumed fruit in the world. Aside from nutritional content like flavonoids, pectin, and vitamins, apples provide an abundance of bacteria that compose the transient microbiome in
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New research has found that walnuts could potentially protect against flare-ups in ulcerative colitis. Inflammatory bowel disease is very common, with three million adults reporting having the condition in 2015.  Ulcerative colitis is a form of inflammatory bowel disease, where the colon or rectum becomes irritated and develops small sores called ulcers.  The ulcers cause
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In a recent study, the link between the use of social network sites and mental health outcomes in adult individuals was explored. With the advent of information and communication technologies, there has been an increase in studies largely focusing on their impact on mental health. There have been connections made between these technologies and anxiety
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Researchers have investigated the outcomes of pregnancy after bariatric surgery. Obesity is a growing global health concern that affects about 650 million people worldwide. Bariatric surgery is a popular and effective treatment to promote weight loss and lower obesity-related complications. However, bariatric surgery can have its own complications – particularly important during pregnancy are concerns
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Researchers discover a vital pathway that may serve as a potential treatment target for Crohn’s disease. Among the list of chronic diseases, Crohn’s disease is a debilitating illness that affects over 1.6 million people in North America alone. It’s characterized by chronic inflammation within the gastrointestinal tract, with affected regions ranging from the mouth to
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In a recent study, researchers evaluated cardiovascular health at age 50 to determine the prevalence of dementia 20 years later. Pathophysiological markers of dementia can appear as early as fifteen to twenty years before diagnosis. Previous studies have shown that a healthier cardiovascular score is linked to a lower risk of dementia. However, results from
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Knee osteoarthritis affects more than 10% of people over age 60. Researchers recently identified those groups with higher risk factors for knee osteoarthritis. Musculoskeletal conditions, such as knee osteoarthritis (OA), affect people worldwide and are one of the leading causes of pain and disability. Knee osteoarthritis can affect any age group, but people over age
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During the International Conference on Nutrition and the Brain, experts were asked to propose possible guidelines for the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease with the goal to develop practical guidance to recommend to the general public. Many factors can increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease such as; aging, genetic factors, family history, history of head
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Researchers discover a key player in tumor energy metabolism that holds promise for new cancer treatments with fewer side-effects. Tumours are characterized by uncontrolled cell growth, which is sustained by a series of cellular reactions to produce the energy and molecular building blocks for replication. This process, called cancer cell metabolism, relies on the activity
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Identifying the presence of a specific high-risk gene mutation helped to reduce patient exposure to ultraviolet radiation The American Cancer Society estimates that 96,480 new melanomas will be diagnosed in the United States in 2019. They expect around 7,200 people will die from melanoma in the US in 2019. Melanoma rates have also been on
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A recent study carried out by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health examined the outcomes of standard feeding guides for commencing solid food in infants. Current guides for starting infants on solid foods are produced by infant formula makers, children’s hospitals, and infant health experts. These guides have been produced with the
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Researchers injected obese patients with a combination of gut hormones to mimic the effects of gastric bypass surgery. Obesity is an increasingly common problem worldwide and can be linked to illnesses such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and some types of cancer. There are several approaches to managing obesity, including very-low-calorie diets and weight-loss
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Researchers in the USA recently conducted a series of investigations to find out more about the genes that are associated with endometrial cancer. Vast advances in gene technology have allowed different cancers to be put under the spotlight. The endometrial tissue lines the uterus and goes through the monthly shedding cycle that is menstruation. Mutations
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