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A new study has found a direct association between maternal prenatal stress and negative outcomes of offspring psychopathology. Maternal prenatal stress can be defined as a reduction in the mother’s psychological well-being during pregnancy and is linked to neurobiological, behavioural, and cognitive outcomes in offspring. Prenatal anxiety can also affect childhood psychopathology (manifestation of symptoms
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A recent study suggests that early diagnosis of gestational diabetes reduces pregnancy weight gain during the first trimester and total pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that can occur during the second or third trimester of pregnancy and is usually resolved after birth. Initial screening for gestational diabetes usually occurs between 24 and
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A team of Swedish scientists found a significantly reduced incidence of advanced breast cancers and breast cancer deaths when women get regular mammograms. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Improvements in cancer treatment options, the promotion of breast self-exams, and the adoption of regular breast cancer screenings using mammography (mammograms) in the
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The spread of respiratory viruses, such as the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), can occur via droplets that are dispersed by infected individuals through coughing and sneezing. There is also evidence to suggest that these droplets can be dispersed by talking or even normal breathing.1-2 Personal protective equipment, such as a protective face mask, is therefore necessary
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A clinical trial assesses the effect of watching Disney movies on the quality of life of women with gynecologic cancer.  Research shows that music has a positive effect on quality of life and reducing anxiety, fatigue, and distress in cancer patients. Studies also identify that when shown to children, Disney movies emphasise the importance of
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Researchers propose model based on ‘shield immunity’ where immune individuals help to slow virus spread. The spread of the global coronavirus pandemic appears to be slowing down in many countries, thanks to a variety of measures such as travel restrictions and shutdowns of non-essential businesses. Whilst these measures have been somewhat successful, they are unsustainable
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Hong Kong researchers investigated a triple antiviral drug combination for COVID-19 treatment in patients with mild to moderate illness. The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, has affected more than 230 countries, with over three million cases and 200,000 deaths confirmed, according to WHO estimates at the beginning of May 2020. The majority of
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Researchers hypothesize why patients taking ACE inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers may be at a higher risk of severe COVID-19. ACE inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers are cardiovascular medications commonly used to treat a variety of diseases, including high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, and chronic kidney disease. However, early research indicates that these drugs
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During the steady rise of COVID-19 cases throughout the world, one subpopulation appears to be largely unaffected: children. With worldwide cases of COVID-19 on the rise, limited data is available on the prevalence and effects of COVID-19 in children. Steven L. Zeichner, head of UVA Health’s Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, and Andrea T. Cruz,
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A recent study evaluated the factors associated with mental health symptoms in healthcare workers exposed to COVID-19. The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) was first detected in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and since that time, the outbreak spread quickly to more than 200 countries. Healthcare workers, responsible for the treatment of patients with COVID-19 are more
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Researchers in Australia recently examined whether the current popularity and perceived benefits of nature play are justified by any scientific evidence. Nature play is an increasingly popular design theme for children’s playgrounds.  Whereas traditional playgrounds consist of equipment such as slides and swings, nature play playgrounds are full of natural components such as rocks, ponds,
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A recent study compared the risk of cancer between non-hormonal-copper and hormone‑releasing intrauterine device users. An intrauterine device is a small device placed in the uterus to prevent pregnancy. There are two types of intrauterine devices: the non-hormonal-copper and the hormone-releasing intrauterine devices. As with any birth control, these devices also offer benefits and risks.
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A new study suggests undiagnosed cases of COVID-19 may be responsible for the rapid spread of the coronavirus outbreak. The coronavirus disease, also known as COVID-19, first emerged in Wuhan, China in 2019. As of March 19, 2020, this novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has spread to 177 countries. Researchers from around the world are working to
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A randomized phase 3 clinical trial has shown that pembrolizumab combined with chemotherapy improves the pathological complete response (defined as no evidence of cancer) of patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a high-risk cancer type comprising approximately 15% of all breast cancers. However, TNBC is more aggressive and has higher
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A new systematic review examines the factors that motivate people to participate in health research studies. Clinical research is a major part of drug development and healthcare education, and many advances in medicine can be attributed to clinical trials.  One of the primary challenges for clinical research is recruiting participants since many people are hesitant
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Declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO), the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is spreading at a rapid pace, and researchers are trying to quickly understand the pattern of spread. Recent research published in The Lancet focuses on the first occurrence of person-person transmission of COVID-19 in the United States. A woman returning
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