Month: June 2019

In a recent study, Spanish researchers investigated whether children’s socks contained the endocrine disruptors BPA and parabens. Could endocrine disruptors be present in the socks of babies and children? Endocrine disruptors are chemical compounds that act like or interfere with, hormonal activity in the body. Research has shown that endocrine disruptors in animals can cause
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Researchers from the University of Copenhagen studied how exercising at different times of day may have different effects on metabolism. Circadian rhythms are biological functions that occur repeatedly over periods of about 24 hours. Some daily rhythms, such as feeding, are easy to identify, while others are less obvious as they happen at the cellular
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Scientists at the University of Plymouth explored a novel mechanism for the treatment of Crohn’s disease. The research focused on a type of immune cells called macrophages. Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory disease of the bowel, causing abdominal cramps, loose stools, weight loss, and increased risk of colorectal cancer. There is no cure for this
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A recent study has identified a protein involved in tumour progression that can potentially be therapeutically targeted to delay cancer development. Cancer is a group of diseases characterized by the abnormal growth of cells, which can spread to other parts of the body. While there have been many advances made in cancer management and treatment
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Researchers recently investigated the link between autism and a lack of empathy, finding that autism is a strong predictor of empathy. A common trait among those with autism spectrum disorder is difficulty understanding or feeling what others are feeling, known as cognitive and affective empathy, respectively. Knowledge about the relationship between autism and a lack
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Researchers train cancer-sniffing dogs to distinguish blood samples from lung cancer patients Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in men and women worldwide. People diagnosed with late-stage lung cancer have a less favourable prognosis and lower chances of survival. For non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the five-year survival rate is 92 percent
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A recent study investigated whether dietary intake of cholesterol or egg consumption was linked to an increased risk of stroke. High cholesterol is a well-known risk factor for several heart complications, including high blood pressure, heart attacks, and strokes. There has been plenty of research dedicated to understanding how different cholesterol, dietary habits, and food
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Researchers developed a new assessment tool to diagnose dementia that evaluates moral emotions. There are many different types of dementia. Frontotemporal dementia is a type of dementia that is caused by degenerative changes in the frontal regions of the brain, which is often associated with social cognitive impairments. Frontotemporal dementia patients have problems with emotional
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Researchers examine the changes in bioactive compounds when foods are cooked using extra virgin olive oil. Olive oil is the main source of fat in the Mediterranean diet. The quantities of vegetables, legumes, and fruits in the Mediterranean diet provide high phytochemical content, and previous studies have shown that it is beneficial for cardiovascular and
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Researchers in the Netherlands investigated whether a common blood pressure drug could be used as a medication for Alzheimer’s disease. Dementia describes a group of symptoms including memory loss, a decline in thinking processes, personality changes, and inappropriate behavior. There are several different types of dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of progressive
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A clinical trial of dulaglutide reported impressive results in cardiovascular events prevention among people with type 2 diabetes. Individuals with diabetes have a two times higher risk of cardiovascular events, such as heart attacks and strokes, and around 40% develop kidney disease. Dulaglutide is a glucagon-like peptide-1 analog that increases levels of incretin. Incretin is
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A new study at Boston highlights the three most effective interventions to prevent 94 million cardiovascular-related deaths within 25 years. Non-communicable diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases, are a major epidemic of the modern world. Promoting public awareness and prevention strategies is essential. As part of this process, scientists at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
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Researchers evaluated the effect of not drinking enough water and its association with increased calorie intake from sugar-sweetened beverages, in children and young adults. Sugar-sweetened beverages are generally loved among children and many young adults and these drinks make up a large percentage of daily calories consumed. The human body requires water to thrive, about
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Researchers have investigated how the relationship between parents and depressed teens is affected by treatment length. The Treatment for Adolescents with Depression Study (TADS) is a study that pays special attention to how parents of depressed teens and their marital and parent-child relationships function during treatment. Some earlier studies found that there was a reciprocal
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