In a recent study, researchers examined the potential risks and benefits associated with vaccines and breastfeeding. A recent article published in Breastfeeding Medicine describes a study conducted at the University of California San Diego, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences that examined the risks associated with vaccinating breastfeeding women. The researcher reviewed the most
How do we learn new skills? Neurons storing a ‘snapshot’ produce proteins that “glue” a blueprint of the snapshot, ready for retrieval. Researchers in Maryland U.S.A and Tel Aviv, Israel were interested to see how short breaks, (such as momentary daydreaming at work), would affect the memory of a particular online task they were doing
Current options to treat cancer include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy; but will there ever be a cancer vaccine? Vaccines are a powerful method to prevent infectious diseases. They work by stimulating the immune system to mount a reaction against dangerous germs. The success of vaccines in controlling infectious diseases prompted scientists to explore their use
A recent report in a Canadian medical journal describes toxicity and chronic kidney failure in a man who had taken too much vitamin D. How much is too much vitamin D? the safe range of Vitamin D blood levels have been clearly defined, and toxicity from vitamin D is actually quite rare. Low vitamin
A study investigating the effects of saffron in children and teens suggest potential as an alternative herbal treatment for ADHD. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder often seen in childhood and adolescence. It is a chronic disorder that results in problems such as poor concentration and impulse control. An estimated 30% of patients
Research continues to provide new information about sleep. Here are five negative health effects of poor sleep, and what you can do to help. Sleep is categorized into rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and non-rapid eye movement sleep. Many negative effects of poor sleep have been attributed to excess, or a lack of, sleep.
A study published in the British Journal of Pharmacology suggests a new molecule could be a promising new treatment for type 2 diabetes. Facts about type 2 diabetes Diabetes is one of the most common and costly chronic diseases. In 2017, over 2 million Canadians reported being diagnosed with diabetes. According to Statistics Canada, Canadians
A recent study examined the relationship between spending time alone, self-esteem, and feelings of belonging in first-year college students. Being a first-year college student is stressful, to say the least. Transitioning from the relatively supportive and familiar environment of high school forces us to take several big steps out of our comfort zones. Being independent
Researchers in France investigated the effects of acetaminophen on stroke risk and other factors in older adults. Acetaminophen (also known as paracetamol) is a widely-used, over-the-counter, pain-relief medicine. It is generally considered to be very safe. However, it is also one of the most commonly over-dosed drugs and the most common cause of drug-induced liver
A recent study conducted in America investigated the effects of vitamin D on asthma in obese children. Asthma is a long-term respiratory syndrome that can have a serious effect on children’s health. This clinical syndrome involves inflammation of the lungs and hyper-responsiveness of the airways. It is a syndrome that can be caused by many
A recent study assessed whether controlling blood pressure with anti-hypertensive treatment would be associated with a reduced rate of morality. High blood pressure is one of the most prevalent health concerns in adults across the globe. A recent study aimed to understand whether maintaining normal blood pressure values would have an impact on life expectancy
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have an increased risk of pregnancy complications. In a recent clinical trial, researchers tested the effectiveness of metformin on PCOS and pregnancy complications. Polycystic ovary syndrome occurs in 5 to 10% of women and is the leading cause of infertility in the United States. The condition is characterized
A recent study looked into how anti-tuberculosis drugs might affect the microbiota and increase the risk of re-infection. Tuberculosis is one of the oldest diseases known to humans. A microbe called Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes and spreads this illness in the population. With time, this germ has evolved and adapted to survive within our body.
Milk thistle has been used to a number of health issues such as liver disease and anemia. Here, we discuss the research behind these uses and the safety of milk thistle. Milk thistle (Silybummarianum) is a plant that contains a solitary purple flower along with glossy marbled leaves. Silymarin is the main part of
Researchers conducted a meta-analysis to determine if switching individuals with type 2 diabetes to liquid-only diets would impact their cardiometabolic risk. Cardiometabolic risk is a condition in which individuals have low blood levels of high-density cholesterol (good cholesterol), as well as high levels of triglycerides. Individuals with cardiometabolic risk typically express insulin resistance and
Cycling is great for environmental and physical health. But how safe are bicycle lanes for cyclists? Researchers recently assessed the passing distances between vehicles and cyclists in Australia to determine any needs for improvement. In metropolitan cities, cycling seems like the most logical method of transportation for the regular working Joe. Cyclists not only
Researchers discovered a way to make a salt mixture that tastes the same as table salt, despite containing less sodium than conventional table salt. Over one-third of Americans will struggle with high blood pressure at some point during their lifetime. It is often referred to as the “silent killer”, because many people with this
A recent study suggests that older people who regularly use sleeping pills may end up needing more blood pressure medications to control their blood pressure. High blood pressure is a common condition among older aged people. Fortunately, blood pressure medications can reduce blood pressure and therefore reduce the cardiovascular risks associated with the condition.
In a recent study published in the American Journal of Clinical Research researchers determined the benefits of eggs for type 2 diabetics. Diabetes in Canada is very common nowadays, with about 8.1% of the Canadian population living with diagnosed diabetes in 2014. Ninety percent of these cases are type 2 diabetes, which happens when
A new study compared the safety and effectiveness of early combined immunosuppression and conventional treatment in older patients with Crohn’s disease. Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are the two main subtypes of inflammatory bowel disease, a chronic inflammatory condition involving the gut. Inflammatory bowel disease was long believed to be a disease of the
A new study in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research shows how a high-fat diet impacts vitamin D metabolism in mice. We need vitamin D (the sunshine vitamin) to maintain mineral balance, skeletal integrity, and the normal function of the immune system. While many of us get enough vitamin D from exposure to
Researchers in the United States have potentially developed a fibromyalgia blood test to accurately diagnose the disease. An estimated 4 million adults in the United States have fibromyalgia, with women four-to-nine times more likely than men to be diagnosed. Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes widespread pain throughout the body. People with fibromyalgia
A new study evaluated colchicine, a drug used for gout treatment, to improve a complication of diabetes called metabolic syndrome. Approximately one-third of adults in the United States have metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a combination of conditions such as increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, increased body fat, and increased cholesterol and triglyceride levels
A study of American adults evaluated the link between nutrient intake from dietary supplements and mortality. In 2015, the market revenue of vitamin supplements was estimated to be worth more than US$50 billion. By 2024, the global dietary supplements market is expected to reach US$278 billion. Dietary supplements are commonly taken to compensate for a
A new study in the Journal of Experimental Medicine investigated the molecular factors behind the gender disparity in liver cancer development. According to a 2108 study based on data from the International Agency for Research on Cancer, liver cancer is the fourth most lethal form of cancer worldwide. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common
Scientists try to identify the genetic causes of poor sleep by using data from Fitbit-like devices and genome analysis. We have all been there—skipping out on sleep because of something important. Whether we need to meet a deadline, cram for exams, or feed the baby, we power through the night even though we know
Many individuals are apprehensive in using cochlear implants in kids. Researchers from the Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago cleared the air on this issue. Cochlear implants are implantable hearing devices. Patients have to undergo complex surgical procedure requiring anesthesia as well as a long follow-up to help restore hearing loss.
A recent study, published in Diabetes care, investigated a potential link between type 2 diabetes treatment and the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. Type 2 diabetes, a medical condition characterized by the body’s inability to manage appropriate blood sugar levels, has been associated with worsened cognitive functions. Specifically, compared to healthy individuals type