Month: March 2018

Researchers investigated whether sleep quality in children with sleep apnea and celiac disease benefitted from a gluten-free diet. Gluten is a common protein found in grains such as wheat. Celiac disease is a condition in which an individual’s sensitivity to gluten triggers a systemic immune response. Celiac disease is prevalent in approximately 1% of the
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Researchers investigated the efficacy and safety of narrow or broad-spectrum antibiotics to treat upper respiratory tract infections in children. Ear, sinus, and throat infections are the most commonly diagnosed infections in children and antibiotics are often prescribed. Guidelines for prescribing antibiotics differ greatly. The American Academy of Pediatrics typically recommends the use of narrow-spectrum antibiotics,
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Researchers conducted a novel study examining the use of light therapy to relieve the symptoms of depression in patients with bipolar disorder. Light therapy has long been known to relieve the symptoms of certain mood disorders, possibly by altering the circadian rhythms. The circadian rhythm, in layman’s terms, is the body’s way of determining what
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Researchers investigated the effects of a lemon verbena supplement or a placebo on muscle strength and recovery after a strenuous exercise test. Muscle fatigue and soreness is a common malady after an exhaustive exercise session. The muscle fibers become stressed and inflamed and need time to recover. A novel lemon verbena extract (sold as Recoverben®)
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DNA methylation plays a vital role in regulating the epigenome and consequent cell behaviour. A multinational research team investigated if DNA methylation can be used to better understand and diagnose cancer. Paul Ehrlich, a Jewish physician and scientist of the late 19th century, proposed that the immune system plays a vital role in preventing cancer
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A recent meta-analysis of past studies seeks to understand the relationship between meat consumption and risk of depression. The prevalence of depression rises globally year after year. The World Health Organization (WHO) indicates that over 350 million people suffer from depression worldwide. With such a ubiquitous mental health issue, Chinese researchers sought to analyze past
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A recent study investigates whether the activities of daily living, or incidental physical activity, can help to delay cognitive decline in older adults. Numerous studies have shown that aerobic exercise can be beneficial for the preservation of various types of cognitive function as people age. However, these studies have primarily investigated the impact of structured
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Dutch researchers seek to understand whether sleep problems precede autism spectrum disorder or arise merely as a consequence. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by mild to severe deficiencies in social communication and social interaction, accompanied by repetitive patterns of behaviour, interests, or activities. ASD affects 0.5 to 1% of children and
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Vitamin D is a nutrient important for bone health and participates in the immune response. A new study published in BioMed Central Nutrition conducted a systematic review to investigate whether vitamin D reduces the inflammatory marker C-reactive protein. Vitamin D is a nutrient that has an important role in calcium regulation. Vitamin D works together
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American researchers investigate the acute effects of multi-ingredient pre-workout supplements on energy and endurance in active females. Exercise performance-enhancing dietary supplements have been used for athletes and regularly active individuals in the past, but now a new category of dietary supplements has emerged. Referred to as multi-ingredient pre-workout supplements (MIPS), this new supplement has gained
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Although there has been strong evidence emphasizing benefits of falls prevention programs, fall incidences in the older adult population is increasing. A recently published study outlines organizations’ perspectives on barriers that limit an older adult’s participation in a fall prevention program and strategies to optimize these programs. Falls among older adults are preventable through lifestyle
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Researchers in the US determine whether an antibody drug, solanezumab, can slow cognitive decline in patients with mild dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is thought to arise from a buildup of amyloid-beta (Aβ) plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain. Those with Alzheimer’s disease may also show signs of mild dementia. The Aβ hypothesis suggests that Aβ
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Edema associated with phases of the menstrual cycle may have an effect on athletic performance. A recent study investigated how athletic agility is influenced by menstrual cycle-related edema in college-aged women. Edema, commonly known as water retention, is when water builds up in body cavities or tissues. Edema of the lower limbs related to menstruation
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A lack of sleep can interfere with one’s physical, mental, social, and emotional well-being. Researchers recently investigated whether supplementing with chamomile extract is effective at reducing insomnia in older adults. Difficulty going to sleep or remaining asleep can cause major disturbances during nightfall.This disturbance in sleep pattern, known as insomnia, can lead to chronic conditions
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A recent study investigated the effectiveness of continuous aerobic training and super circuit training in improving health in patients with heart disease. Exercise is often recommended by physicians and health care providers as a tool for improving overall health and outcomes in patients with heart disease. Continuous moderate aerobic training (CAT), which includes cycling and
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A massive meta-analysis of global MRI imaging data on epilepsy patients seeks to clarify a complicated and mysterious neurological disorder. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by seizures, which can vary from mild and almost undetectable to severe, featuring vigorous shaking. Almost 40 million people worldwide are affected by epilepsy. Epileptic seizures are caused by
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An eight-year study investigated the effects of inadequate levels of dietary magnesium in older frail individuals. Magnesium deficiency may go underdiagnosed in young and middle-aged adults for several years. However, in the older population, factors associated with poor nutrition such as frailty, make magnesium deficiency more detectable. Frailty is a clinical syndrome that is characterized
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Drugs known to reduce cardiovascular problems or diabetes are staples in the medical community. A recent study, named the ACE Trial, evaluated the effectiveness of acarbose to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. With over 230 million people with heart disease in China, effective medication for this population is essential.Due to population growth
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