Month: July 2017

A recent study explored the antibacterial effects of modified forms of vancomycin on antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The results suggest C1-aminomethylene vancomycin may be an effective agent against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and other antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The ability of bacterial strains to acquire resistance to antibiotics faster than antibacterial therapies can be developed is of growing concern.
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A recent systematic review and meta-analysis revealed a lack of association between incretin based drugs and mortality in patients with type II diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is characterized by a lack of insulin sensitivity and elevated blood sugar. Patients with diabetes are at higher risk of cardiovascular disease, nephropathy, neuropathy, and retinopathy. Current treatment
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Polymeric micelles are an important class of targeted drug delivery systems that act as carriers of chemotherapeutic agents. A recent review summarized the research being carried out in the development and use of polymeric micelles and micelle-forming drug-polymer conjugates for cancer therapy. A common problem in cancer treatment is the untargeted delivery of highly toxic
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Parent-based treatment (PBT) programs and family-based treatment (FBT) programs are similarly effective for child weight loss. Moreover, PBT is also effective for parent weight loss and energy intake, in addition to improving physical activity for both child and parent. Since one-third of American children are classified as obese or overweight, effective treatment programs are required
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A recent study examined whether diet during pregnancy influences fat mass and adiposity in newborns. Many studies have reported links between maternal diet and birth outcomes and weight, indicating that maternal health and nutritional status play a key role in the future health of offspring. Diet during pregnancy has been associated with newborn adiposity and
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Researchers from Duke University in North Carolina produced pathogen-resistant crops without compromising the plant’s yield and fitness. Plants are commonly attacked by microbial, viral or fungal pathogens. Improving crop production involves the applications of pesticides. In recent years, genetically modified pathogen-resistant crops that express a high level of immune proteins have been produced. One of
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Hypertension is a predominant risk factor for stroke and cardiovascular disease. A meta-analysis found a significant inverse relationship between dietary intake of magnesium and risk of hypertension. Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a risk factor for several major causes of death including stroke and cardiovascular disease. About 29.6% of U.S. adults live
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Studies have found that undernourished children are less physically active than well-nourished children. Researchers investigated the effects of lipid-based nutrients supplements (LNS) on the physical activity levels of children born to Malawian mothers and found that LNS does not increase physical activity in Malawian toddlers. Poor dietary intake and malnutrition are issues prevalent in developing
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A study published in the Journal of Nutrition shows that replacement of refined carbohydrates with a combination of Egg protein and unsaturated fats increases insulin sensitivity and lowers triglycerides in obese adults with elevated triglyceride levels. Hypertriglyceridemia, defined as a fasting plasma Triglyceride (TG) concentration of more than 150 mg/dL, is a common condition in
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Depression and anxiety are often prevalent in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but these patients do not often seek traditional therapy. A recent study reports that telephone-based cognitive behavioral therapy significantly improved symptoms of depression in COPD patients after an eight-week telephone program. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a well-known disease affecting
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Physical fitness, an important health status marker, has been found to predict cardiovascular disease and mortality. A recent study demonstrated that greater self-reported physical fitness, in particular cardiorespiratory fitness, is associated with higher self-reported life satisfaction, quality of life, and self-rated health among adolescents. Physical fitness, an important health status marker, has been found to
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Menopause is associated with weight gain and bone loss. Building on previous research indicating that levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) begin to remain high just prior to menopause, researchers investigated whether treating mice with an antibody to block FSH action triggered weight loss and prevented bone loss. FSH is a fertility hormone produced by
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Water and beverage consumption is an important, but generally under-emphasized, aspect of nutritional health. International health institutes, like the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), have been aiming to combine global data to understand healthy levels of water:caloric intake levels – especially for children. It is a public health priority of the United Kingdom, United States,
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A new study, published in JAMA Dermatology, reveals important difference in dermatologic diseases in white and non-white organ transplant recipients. Organ transplant recipients are at high risk of acquiring cutaneous malignant neoplasms (skin cancers), primarily due to the high intensity UV radiotherapy and immunosuppression. In response, specialty dermatology clinics have been established to reduce the
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Cancer patients require psychosocial assistance in addition to medical treatments, which respectively involves the general practitioner and the oncologist. A recent study sheds light on oncologists’ opinion about the involvement of general practitioners in treating cancer patients, which paves the way to future improvements in establishing communication bridges between general practitioners and oncologists for the
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No two cases of depression are alike, and approximately 20% of depression patients do not respond to any treatment. MRI was used to predict depression treatment outcomes by examining connectivity of the subcallosal cingulate cortex. Depression is an incredibly common mental disorder that affects more than 3 million people in the US each year and
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