Hallux valgus or bunions occur when the big toe slants towards the second toe causing inflammation and pain.1 The development of this condition occurs slowly and sometimes without any painful symptoms.1,3 In extreme cases, the big toe may overlap the second toe. The rotation of the toe causes the nail of the big toe to
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The increasing volume of research on the harmful effects of e-cigarettes and vaping products, especially among youth and young adults, raises public health concerns. In 2016 the ban policy was adopted nationwide by the FDA, followed by 8 out of 10 Canadian provinces during 2015-2017, and nationwide since 2018. Online surveys revealed an increase in
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A recent study is the first to reveal that COVID-19 can leave micro clots post-infection. These blood clots may contribute to persistent COVID-related symptoms post-infection including fatigue and muscle weakness, also termed Long COVID.  What is “Long COVID”?  The research group led by Professor Resia Pretorius at Stellenbosch University in South Africa, set out to
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As the famous saying goes, “trust your gut”, holds true not just metaphorically but also works well for overall health. The digestive health or gut health is responsible for almost all functions of the body.  So taking care of it should be the first priority for any person if they want to live a healthy
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Parasomnia is a type of sleep disorder that is more common than you think. This disorder involves abnormal behaviour in a sleeping state. A person having parasomnia might move around, walk, talk or do any unusual activities while sleeping. The person does these activities during the REM (Rapid Eye Movement) cycle. A person having parasomnia
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A new study investigates whether UV light can inactivate SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for COVID-19. SARS-CoV-2, which is the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19, has had a significant global impact throughout the pandemic.  In order to reduce the risk of future adverse events related to the COVID-19 pandemic, it is important to know how the
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Restylane is an injection that acts to “fill in” wrinkles. Restylane contains Hyaluronic Acid, a compound naturally found in connective tissues, around joints, and cartilage.1 Injection of Hyaluronic Acid promotes the formation of collagen – a connective tissue – on the skin, which bridges the gaps between skin to fill in wrinkles. Juvéderm and Perlane
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A new study investigates whether depression in parents around the time of pregnancy is associated with increased rates of depression in their children.  Major depressive disorder, or clinical depression, is a mental health condition that can often affect mood, concentration, sleep, and eating habits.1  In 2017, over seven percent of U.S. adults experienced at least
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Now more than ever, households are reaching for natural remedies to common ailments, and one of the most recent choices has been essential oils. You can find a wide selection of essential oils in most pharmacies today. Each one of these oils is touted to target specific ailments or discomfort, but it’s easy to get
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A new research study, published in the journal Brain, explores the occasional link between SARS-CoV-2 and Guillain-Barre syndrome. Following SARS-COV-2 infection, doctors have reported over 90 cases of patients with central and peripheral neurological disorders, including Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS). GBS is a rare autoimmune disorder where the immune system attacks the nerves, causing muscle weakness
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Measuring the weight of the fetus is an important part of keeping both mother and baby safe, since a clinically high birth weight is a risk factor for pregnancy-related complications. A recent study investigated 3D limb volume together with abdominal circumference to create a measurement that would be able to predict fetal weight. According to
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To succeed and make the most of your life, you’re told to put your best foot forward each day. However, while this may only be an expression, when you really think about it, are the feet you’re putting forward really in their top shape? Are they healthy and well-cared-for? Or have your feet succumbed to
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If you are someone with asthma, you may have noticed that your breathing problems get worse during the night. After all, nearly 75% of people with asthma claim that they experience more harsh symptoms at night.1 This issue is something that researchers at the Brigham & Women’s Hospital and Oregon Health & Science University have
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Researchers investigated how migraines affect the quality of sleep. The third most common illness in the world (1), migraines affect an estimated one billion people every year (2). In the United States, more than 157 million workdays are lost annually due to migraines (1). Migraines affect men, women, and children. Unfortunately, many migraine sufferers do
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A new review evaluated the most recent research to determine whether the symptoms of COVID-19 affect children long-term.  The current COVID-19 pandemic continues to affect the day-to-day life of people around the world, and more research is being done on the SARS-CoV-2 virus every day in order to decrease the incidence and prevalence of the
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There may soon be a vaccine available that blocks the addictive euphoric and harmful effects of opioid use. The vaccine is entering a phase I clinical trial, the first human-tested clinical trial of this type of vaccine.1 Developed by researchers at the University of Minnesota, the vaccine may help alleviate the opioid overdose crisis; in
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Cryolipolysis, also referred to as ‘cool sculpting’ or ‘fat freezing’, is a popular cosmetic procedure for fat reduction. It was first introduced in 2008 and became FDA-approved for the treatment of multiple areas between 2010 and 2016.1 Interest in cryolipolysis as a non-surgical modality for body contouring has grown as an alternative to invasive procedures
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A recent study published in the New England Journal of Medicine reported on data from 187 hospitals in the United States, where individuals treated with 2-dose COVID-19 vaccines were prevented from hospitalizations, emergency visits to hospitals, or even intensive care admissions as a result of virus exposure. Electronic health records (EHRs) providing real-world evidence suggested
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A recent study from the University of Georgia suggests a common gout medicine could be used to fight COVID-19 infection.1  The medicine, probenecid, is available commercially and has a relatively safe history in clinical use.2  This history is an advantage compared to newly developed drugs because the risk of experiencing adverse effects may be lower.
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Exercise has a variety of health benefits, but can exercise be associated with a reduced risk of anxiety disorders? Regular exercise can positively affect physical health by improving cardiovascular and lung health, building lean muscle mass and strong bones, and promoting healthy weight management.  Studies suggest that daily physical activity may help reduce the risk
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