Study examining how mental illness is diagnosed using patient self-reports of symptoms in comparison to current Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder diagnosis. Mental illness is a health problem characterized by changes in the way a person thinks, feels, or behaves that can cause distress to the individual. It is considered one of the most common health problems in
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High energy stores of glycogen found in cancer cells may be contributing to the aggressive spread of breast cancer. More than fifty percent of solid tumours have regions of hypoxia (i.e., areas receiving inadequate levels of oxygen), which have been associated with metastasis (the spread of cancer) and poorer outcomes in many types of cancers,
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The National Institutes of Health is supporting a group of American researchers with a 3.6 million-dollar grant, which will help to develop a non-invasive diagnostic test for Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a devastating disorder affecting both physical and mental functions. PD progresses slowly but firmly, leading to a full stop of gross motor
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Researchers have taken a closer look at the antibacterial properties of breast milk to find out what makes it so good for fighting infectious bacteria. The beneficial properties of breast milk are well established: The World Health Organisation recommends that babies are exclusively breastfed until six months of age, and then alongside solid food, breastfeeding
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Recent studies suggest that cancer patients should receive a prescribed exercise to maintain a healthy heart. Cardiovascular diseases and cancer are the most common diseases among developed countries. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cancer is the second leading cause of mortality with an estimated 9.6 million deaths in 2018 globally. They share common
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A recent study showed significant health benefits of eating fish in early childhood. Allergy-related conditions such as eczema (atopic dermatitis), asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, and food allergies, have considerably increased since the 1950s. Some data suggested that dietary habits, particularly low fish and cod liver oil consumption, could be a related factor. Recently researchers studied whether
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Researchers investigated whether high lead levels or maternal folate status during pregnancy increased the risk of overweight or obesity in children. Obesity is still a growing concern in the United States. Previous studies have shown that toxic chemical exposure during pregnancy can affect fetal development, which includes metabolic development. This is concerning because any negative
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Canadian healthcare policy experts studied the impact of providing free essential medicines on treatment adherence. Medicines to treat common health conditions including heart disease and diabetes are often not accessible to patients because of cost. Worldwide estimates of nonadherence to drug treatments for chronic diseases range from 40-60%. Several approaches have been suggested to improve
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A team led by scientists from Cambridge University has developed less intensive strategies for controlling type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes affects 400 million people globally. It carries the risk of heart disease, stroke, blindness, and amputations. Several measures previously described to control diabetes involved intensive lifestyle modifications and an extreme reduction in dietary calories.
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Researchers develop a new way to track where amyloid plaques start in the brain, and where they spread in Alzheimer’s. Alzheimer’s disease is a neurological disorder that is characterized by impaired memory, cognition, language, and eventually results in dementia. The disease is caused by the accumulation of misfolded proteins that form insoluble aggregates. The two
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A new study investigated the association between pre-diagnostic colonoscopy and colorectal cancer deaths, to demonstrate the effectiveness of colon cancer screening. The development of colorectal cancer is a process that involves multiple steps that take place over a long period of time. This long development process allows screening and detection of early-stage, pre-cancerous polyps before
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  Coronary artery disease is caused by the narrowing or blockage of arteries that supply the heart with blood. Despite recent advances in the treatment and care of patients with coronary artery disease, it remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the developed world. The condition is often associated with adverse health events
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Researchers examine the effects of childhood mild-to-moderate hearing loss on the development of the central auditory system. The human brain processes sound through the central auditory system, a set of cortical structures that recognize and give meaning to auditory stimuli. The development of the central auditory system occurs during childhood. The auditory experience during this
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Researchers at Lund University, Sweden, have developed prediction models that could minimize surgery on lymph nodes as part of the treatment for breast cancer patients. These models were achieved with the help of machine learning, based on data obtained from more than 3000 breast cancer patients. Breast cancer is one of the most common types
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  Overtraining syndrome typically occurs in top athletes that excessively exercise. The condition is associated with major fatigue, depressive symptoms including apathy, irritation and restlessness, and reduced athletic performance. If left unaddressed, these athletes may be tempted to use and rely on illegal substances, which can help restore their performance. It is important, therefore, that
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  Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are becoming increasingly prevalent, particularly amongst high school students and young adults. In the United States alone, the percentage of high schoolers using e-cigarettes increased from 1.5% in 2011 to 15% in 2015. Of this group, an estimated 66% exclusively use flavoured e-cigarettes. The rise in e-cigarette use is partly because
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A recent study evaluated the benefit of a new combination treatment for patients with BRAF-mutant metastatic colorectal cancer. Approximately ten percent of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer have the BRAF mutation. This specific colorectal cancer subtype carries a poor prognosis as initial treatment for BRAF-mutated metastatic colorectal cancer often has poor outcomes and next line
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Researchers at the University of Connecticut highlight key reasons elderly patients with oral infections are at a significantly higher risk of general health complications, and ways to prevent them. Poor oral hygiene can have negative consequences on one’s overall health. However, according to a recent review published in the Journal of American Geriatrics Society, elderly
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A large study on over one million participants of military veterans finds an association between mental illnesses and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. A recent study assessed the association between mental illness severity and cardiovascular disease risk using a large sample database from a cohort of military veterans receiving care in the Department of
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A recent study on over 7 million medical records found a dose-dependent correlation between statins and osteoporosis diagnosis. Statins are a class of cholesterol-lowering medications prescribed to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disorders. Statins act by inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase, which is the main enzyme involved in cholesterol biosynthesis, thus effectively lowering LDL cholesterol in blood
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